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/*fei/i" a Ascension 

S5r. Helena 

F R. I 

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Digitized by the Internet Archive 
in 2011 with funding from 
Duke University Libraries 

From a photograph taken shortly after his return from China 


BOSTON 1822-1S96 

journal of l^opageB 








The following Journals written by my father, 
touching as they do on that wonderful period 
of American shipping known as the " Clipper 
Ship Era," are of sufficient interest, I am sure, 
to those of my generation to warrant their pub- 

Those of us, his children, relatives, and 
friends, who remember him, and love his mem- 
ory, will have recalled to them by these pages 
the enthusiasm, generosity, and love of friend- 
ship of this kindly man. 

I am under obligation to Mr. George C. 
Wales, whose knowledge of the sea and ships 
and whose personal regard for my father have 
combined to make him of great assistance in 
the publication of these Journals. 

Dwight Blaney. 

Boston, February 28, 1913. 


Henry Blaney Frontispiece 

From a photograph taken shortly after his return 
from China 

Benjamin Blaney x 


Abigail (Bowman) Blaney . . . . xii 


Clipper Ship, " Flying Cloud " . . .82 

From a print in the collection of Mr. George C. 

Facsimile of a Page from the Journal 
of Henry Blaney 120 

End Paper Track Chart of Outward 
and Homeward Voyages 


Born January 3, 1822 — Died February 2, 1896 

HENRY BLANEY, the author of the 
Journals, was born at No. 19 Common 
Street, Boston, the son of Benjamin (born Sep- 
tember 20, 1794; died 1857) and Abigail 
(Bowman, born 1794; died 1873). He was 
descended from John Blaney (born 1629 ; 
married Hannah King), who settled in Lynn, 
Massachusetts, in 1659. He received his educa- 
tion in the Boston Public Schools and Chauncy 
HaU School. 

In 1844, Mr. Blaney became a member of 
the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Com- 
pany, and on July 15, 1850, was elected a 
member of the Independent Company of Ca- 
dets, becoming sergeant in 1854, and was for 
a number of years clerk of the First Corps of 
Cadets, M. V.M. He was also a Mason, joining 
the Columbian Lodge in 1843, and at the time 
of his death was a Knight Templar. He was a 


charter member of the Boston Art Club, of 
which he remained a member until his death. 
He was also a life member of the Massachu- 
setts Horticultural Society, and for many years 
a member of the Bostonian Society. Returning 
from China, as shown in the Journals, June 6, 
1853, he entered the counting-room of F. Skin- 
ner & Company, where he remained for nine- 
teen years. 

On March 14, 1854, Mr. Blaney married 
Mary French Wood (born December 22, 1833 ; 
died January 6, 1912) and resided first in 
Dedham, and later in Brookline, corner of Park 
and Vernon Streets. In 1870, the family, now 
with four children, moved into Boston, living 
at 47 Commonwealth Avenue for some years. 
In the panic following the great fire of Boston 
in November, 1872, he suffered severely finan- 
cially, and was forced to give up most of his 
property, including the Boston house and his 
Babcock Street, Brookline, property, which 
entire street he owned and laid out with shade 

He died in Salem, February 2, 1896, at the 
home of his daughter, Mrs. Ross Turner, and 





was buried in the family tomb at Mount Au- 

"We know little about Mr. Blaney's father, 
Benjamin Blaney, though a Boston paper of 
the year 1857 has the following notice of his 
death : — 


Mr. Benjamin Blaney, one of our well-known 
citizens of the old school, died on the 10th inst., in 
the 64th year of his age. The deceased was born 
in Boston September 20th, 1794. He was a mason 
by trade, and worked on many of the most substan- 
tial structures built in the city from 1815 to 1835. 
He was a Representative from Boston to the Legis- 
lature in 1853 and 1854, and has served in other 
public trusts. He was for many years a prominent 
member of the fire department, and received a 
handsome testimonial from the insurance companies, 
for his efficiency at the famous Beacon Street fire. 
His integrity and stability of character won for him 
the respect and regard of a wide circle of friends. 

Benjamin Blaney patented a domestic oven 
in 1834, the papers from the United States 
Patent Office being signed by President Andrew 
Jackson. He was in charge of the work when 


the granite gate- and fence-posts in front of the 
State House were put in place. He also had 
the notoriety of shooting an eagle on the vane 
on the spire of Hollis Street Church, about 
1837, an occurrence which made some discus- 
sion in the Boston Transcript of March 30, 
and April 20, 1885. He was a pewholder in the 
Hollis Street Church, the plan of which, with 
names of pewholders, showing the position of 
his pew, is shown at the Bostonian Society. 



THESE Journals of Henry Blaney, of a 
Voyage from New York to Hong-Kong, 
and a Voyage from Shanghai to New York, 
were written during his passages to and from 
China, in the employ of Wolcott, Bates & 
Company. The Outward Journal was sent to 
his family in Boston, after his arrival out, as the 
narrative of his experiences. The Homeward 
Journal, of course, returned with him. Both 
were written chiefly as intimate family letters. 

The Editors have felt that, beyond the ad- 
dition of notes, the Journals should have no 
more changes at their hands than those abso- 
lutely necessary. A few omissions have been 
made, where the daily entry was merely the 
ship's position, or where an account of the 
writer's physical condition could hardly in- 
terest the reader. In such anecdotes as might 
give pain to the families connected with the 
actors, other names have been substituted. 

Of the data included in this introduction, 


and in many of the footnotes, it is obvious 
that the Editors can have but little knowledge 
at first hand, and they wish to express the 
deepest sense of obligation to Captain Arthur 
H. Clark, of New York, whose interest in the 
Journals, and whose kindly advice and sug- 
gestions have been most encouraging and help- 
ful. Not only has he given freely of his time, 
but also his permission to quote his work, TJie 
Clipper Ship Era (G. P. Putnam's Sons, 
New York, 1910) ; and with his assistance, a 
task, otherwise involving chance of inaccuracy 
and loose statement, has been made compara- 
tively simple. Quotations and records, unless 
otherwise credited, are from The Clipper Ship 

The Editors present these Journals of the 
time when America furnished the speediest 
and surest bottoms, domestic or foreign, that 
the world's carrying trade had ever known, — 
a period that lasted until the great develop- 
ment of the steamship, and until our national 
policy in regard to navigation laws threw the 
foreign carrying trade into other hands. 






March 13, 1851 

AFTER making a few purchases in New 
York, and settling my bill at the Astor 
House for 6 days' board and washing, etc., took 
a carriage, and with my trunk and other bag- 
gage, left the house at 91 o'clk for the ship 
Samuel Russell, lying at Pier 27 East River. 
Found everything in readiness for Sea, and 
Capt. Limeburner anxious to get off for Can- 
ton. Went up to see Mr. Wolcott and the own- 
ers of the ship — A. A. Low & Bros. — got my 
letters, directions, etc., and accompanied by 
Mr. Henry G. Wolcott — my Employer — 
started again for the ship, and arrived just as 
she was leaving the Pier towed by a steamer. 


The deck was crowded by persons taking 
leave of their friends, they were not few as you 
may judge from the nature of our passengers 
— There were nine passengers in all, 2 male 
and 3 female missionaries, — 1 squalling 2 year 
old — (pleasant augury for a 3 months' voy- 
age — ) property of one of them. Mr. A. . . . 
(a brother of Geo. A. . . . , Lawyer of Bos- 
ton — he was once a man of property, but was 
unfortunate and took to drinking — was going 
out to China to retrieve his fortune) — a Chi- 
nese boy of 21 years of age (fine specimen) — 
and myself. We had a crew of 22 men and 
boys (who paid $100. each for the privilege of 
going, and by the way, one of them looked 
very much like Frank Bowman, but about as 
large as James) — 3 mates and with the Cap- 
tain (a fine fellow from Thomaston, Me.) 
making in all 39 souls. 

The Steamer towed us out to Sandy Hook 
where she left us, together with the friends 
of the passengers — the pilot left us about 
10 miles outside and we then bade adieu to 

March ljf. Blew very fresh — sea high — 


made a fine run of about 250 miles up to 12 
o'clk this day — which is called the first day — 
good health and spirits. 

March 15. Queer feeling in my stomach — 
wasn't anybody — my health barometer indi- 
cating squally weather. 

March 16. Sunday. Do. Do. Would have 
sold myself for a shilling — could n't find any- 
body up for a bid — all turned in — Steward 
in great demand. 

March 17. Do — Do — slight variation in 
my barometer — heard an order to heave the 
log ; felt my stomach Do. about the same time 
— faint recollection of the blk. Steward ask- 
ing Massa Blaney if he hab nothing — tried 
to speak — uttered a grunt — did just as well. 

March 18. Health barometer rising — Still 
blowing fresh — out and on deck. Mr. A. . . . 
for the want of his customary stimulants, was 
very nervous and was troubled in the same way 
as Aunt Eliza — fancied he could hear people 
talking to him — said he had just heard from 
his wife in N. Yk. of the death of 2 of his 
children — were to be buried at 5 o'clk that 
day — he was in a horrid state of excitement 


— but perfectly harmless — would take on very 
bad — asked me if I could hear people talking 
to him — would go up on deck in the night and 
imagine his wife was talking to him from the 
mast-head — the Captain was fearful he would 
get overboard — and set a man to watch him 

March 19. Beautiful day — weather very 
warm, 74 degrees, — got out my thin clothes 
and stowed the rest away — health and spirits 
first rate — began to eat my allowance — 6 
days out — Lat. 33-57 North — 50-59 Long. 
West, about 1500 miles from N. Yk. — first 
rate run — Captain and I first rate friends. 

March 20. Splendid Day, very warm — 
wind S.E. nearly ahead — at 12 o'clk going 
only 8 knots — made this day 185 miles — 
shortest day's sail since we left N. Yk. 

March 21. Fine day — not much wind — 
Saw 5 sail — signalled one — 

March 22. Made up my mind last night to 
get up early this a.m. and take a bath — 
backed out when I woke and found the wind 
blowing fresh from the South. 

March 23. Sunday. Fine day, wind blow- 


ing very fresh from the South, none of the 
Ladies made their appearance at breakfast — 
all sick, only one came to dinner — The Mis- 
sionaries had made up their minds to have 
services after dinner on deck — but nearly all 
being sick, gave it up. The Captain had noti- 
fied the Crew that all who felt disposed might 
prepare themselves to come aft the mainmast 
after dinner to attend the Services but were 
obliged to give it up. Wind ahead all day and 
blowing very fresh — estimated to be about 
2000 miles from N. Yk. A fine run — had we 
been going to England with this wind would 
have arrived in 10 days — Steamer time — 

March 2J±. . . . Shall try in a day or two 
shower baths — by going on deck early in the 
morning while the crew are washing the decks, 
and have them pump on me — made an agree- 
ment with the Captain to get up yesterday 
morning and try it — rather cold — we backed 

March 25. Very warm day — not much 
wind — commenced studying Spanish. 

March 26. Continued very warm — head 


March 27. Calm — and head winds. While 
we were at dinner quite a scene occurred — it 
was calm — hardly wind enough to move the 
ship ahead — and unbeknown to the 2d. mate, 
whose watch it was on deck, she commenced 
going astern while there was a very bad sea 
running — when all at once we were startled 
by the water pouring into the after cabin win- 
dows — she being very sharp astern as all 
Clipper Ships are, she did not have the bear- 
ings which other ships have — therefore instead 
of rising on top of the waves while going astern 
— would plunge into it and in a few moments 
the movable articles in the cabin were all afloat. 
Then commenced a scene which I am unable 
to describe — it was an exciting time for a few 
moments. The Captain started on deck to get 
headway upon her — while the steward and the 
two Chinese boys and some of us passengers 
succeeded after considerable trouble in closing 
the ports of the windows, while the Ladies 
mounted the tables and chairs to save a swamp- 
ing ; after a while with the assistance of swabs, 
buckets, etc., we succeeded in clearing the cabin, 
and sat down to finish our dinner. 


March 28. Calm — made only 72 miles this 
day — saw the first fish — a Bonito — about as 
large as a Haddock — jump out of water. 

March 29. Fine day and very warm — saw 
a School flying fish, which was the first new 
sight to me, excepting a gale and storm at 

March SO. Sunday. A more beautiful day 
I never saw. The Missionaries were able to 
appear on deck which they were unable to do 
on the previous Sunday. By permission of the 
Captain they were allowed to hold services on 
deck, and just after dinner all hands were 
called aft where seats were provided for them, 
although there were probably only 3 or 4 out 
of the lot who could speak English, yet all were 
there dressed in their white pants and blue 
shirts, and a more attentive and orderly crew 
you would not find anywhere. 

The services commenced with a prayer and 
hymn which one of the ministers had the po- 
liteness to ask me to lead off — which I did in 
true Unitarian style, but it was rather a quick 
trot for them, as I really believe I had finished 
before they were at the end of the third line, 


but I had the Captain on my side, and also 
half the Crew, so I put them through. The 
tune was Old Hundred, and they being Meth- 
odists fairly tired me out with their drawling. 
After the singing one of the Ministers quoted 
a passage from the Bible — " Boast not thyself 
of the Morrow" and from that preached a 
discourse Ex-tempore — which was very well 
done. The Services were concluded by another 
hymn which one of the Ministers started but 
broke down — and after hemming a few times 
and looking at the other Rev. — as much as to 
say " what a bad cold I have," he commenced 
it again and carried it through. Then with a 
benediction the Services were dismissed. 

Although we have had two or three very 
calm days we have made good headway, our 
position this day at 12 M. was Lat. 15.55 
North ; Long. 29.46 West ; having made since 
yesterday 12 m, which is one day, 222 miles — 
we are about 800 miles from the Equator — 
we are in hopes to cross it in about 22 days 
if we have ordinary winds — which will be 
within a day of the shortest passage ever made 
from N. Yk. to the Equator. This ship hav- 


ing crossed it in Feby. 1850 in 21 days from 
N. Yk.i 

March 31. After breakfast went forward on 
the Cat Head to watch the flying fish as they rose 
up from the water. It was a lovely day and as I 
sat looking over the bow it seemed to me as 
though we had just left Boston on a fishing ex- 
cursion — the sea was about as rough as it 
would be off the Castle of a pleasant day, and 
while the whole horizon was obscured by a thick 
mist, as is always to be found at sea near the 
Equator, the sun was shining very warm — 
wind N.E. — the air balmy and although we 
were 250 miles S.W. Cape Verd Islands the 
wind was blowing fragrant and fresh from off 
the shore — a few birds were flying around us 
evidently having wandered from the Island, in 
search of flying fish — It is just about 9 o'clk 
— (we breakfasted at 8) and I am imagining 
that you are all sound asleep while I have been 
up these 2 hours — I calculate it is just about 
i past 5 o'clk, — 4 minutes to a degree — by 
the difference in Lat. and Long, with you, and 

1 The Samuel Russell later made a record of nineteen 
days from Sandy Hook to the Equator. 


when I turn in to sleep, — lOo'clk, — you are 
just about finishing your tea, — so you see I 
get the first look at the sun, and see it rise and 
set, which by the way is a glorious sight at sea, 
something which I have seldom seen at home 
and account for it by the high buildings, not 
that I don't get up early enough — Oh ! No ! 
While I was sitting aft on deck this morn- 
ing with the Captain, one of the sailors passed 
us and I noticed some lines of India Ink 
pricked into his arm ; when he passed again 
the Captain noticed it and called to him — 
they were — 

" From Rocks and Shoals and barren Laiid3 
O God wilt set me free; 
From Pirates Guns and Womens tongues 
Good Lord deliver me ! — " 

April 1. Pleasant and warm — " Tricks 
upon Travellers " the order of the day. 

April 2. Squally, with rain — Fine breeze — 
April 3. Raining and Squally — not such 
showers as we see at home — but down it comes 
in one sheet. One shower lasted about 15 min- 
utes — and the Captain said he caught about 
2 hhds. 


April 4' Rainy nearly all day ; calm — made 
about 40 miles on our course — Quite an un- 
pleasant affair occurred just after Tea — with 
one of our passengers, Mr. A. . . . who en- 
deavored to commit suicide by taking about 3 
oz. laudanum. He was sitting alone at the table 

— all the Gentlemen but him had left and gone 
on deck ; the Ladies had retired to the after 
cabin, which is separated by a partition with a 
door at each end — they heard some one jump 
quickly over the table to a large medicine chest 
at the end of the table, and then saw him open 
it, take out a bottle, put it to his mouth and 
drink two swallows. The Captain knew the 
bottle was full, therefore knew how much he 
took — Mrs. Wiley ran to him, took the bottle 
away from him, and called her husband — it 
was very fortunate for Mr. A. . . . that Mr. 
Wiley was a physician, or it would have gone 
hard with him — he asked him why he took it 
and it was a long while before he would say 
anything, and seemed much disappointed that 
he had been observed. Soon he began to feel 
the effects of it which brought him to his senses 

— " It is too late " — says he, " Capt., sew me 


up and bury me tomorrow at 12 — heave the 
ship to — put the flag at half mast — and read 
the Church of England Service over me — " 
Finally he called for a stomach pump, and 
seemed very anxious to get relief — Dr. Wiley 
gave him 20 grains Sulph. zinc and 20 of Sulph. 
Copper to vomit him, which not producing the 
desired effect, repeated the dose, which were it 
not for the Laudanum would have killed him 

— but in a few moments set him to vomiting 

— and for half an hour kept it up continually 
which relieved him much and he went to bed — 
and singular as it may seem, was up and drest 
the next morning before any of the rest. He 
was very penitent and said he felt very foolish 
for what he did — he seemed as well as ever. 

April 5. At 8 o'clk a.m. it was hotter than I 
ever felt it before — not a breath of air stirring 

— we lay like a log on the water and the rollers 
pitching us so that it was with difficulty we 
could keep our feet. By the way ! the water 
last night had a most splendid appearance — 
covered over by brilliant little stars — called 
phosphoric lights — caused by the Animalculae 
in the water — We have been hovering between 


2 and 4 degrees of Latitude the last 3 days — 
hope for some wind by noon. 

April 6. Sunday. Still very warm — a 
dead calm. 

April 7. Very warm with frequent showers. 
Rain pours down in torrents without the least 
warning, bringing with it a little breeze, which 
when it ceased, would all die away again, — 
Saw a few albacores. 

April 8. Crossed the line at 7 o'clk this 
morning — had anticipated some sport at the 
event, but was disappointed, as all hands were 
busy trimming sails, and a prospect of a breeze 
springing up, the Captain was anxious to im- 
prove it — so the boys escaped a shaving — 
and maybe the passengers also. Poor Mr. 
A. . . . was in agony for fear they would Bar- 
ber him — and threatened all sorts of punish- 
ments if they attempted it ; he said his face 
was tender, and he could n't even shave himself 
and certainly wouldn't trust Neptune. This 
evening the North Star went down in the hori- 
zon and the Southern Cross arose in the South. 

April 9. Very warm day — Calm — Ther. 
90 degrees in the shade. Captain treated us 


to a row round the ship — it was a beautiful 
sight. She lay perfectly uncontrollable in the 
water, and the long rollers would pitch and 
drift her about at their will — After rowing: 
round once the Captain saw a squall coming 
up — and put for the ship — hauled the Boat 
up, and in a few moments, down came the rain 
harder than I ever saw it before. 

April 10. At 8 o'clk a fresh breeze sprang 
up from the South and started us on our 
course ; by 9 o'clk at the rate of 10 knots — 
which was quite a relief after being becalmed 
nearly a week. 

April 11. Fine breeze ; going over 10 knots 
nearly all day. 

April 12. Pleasant day — going finely — 
passed a ship about sun down, steering N.E., 
probably bound to England. Nothing else oc- 
curred during the day to change the monot- 
ony. Thermometer 70 degrees. 

April 13. Sunday. Very pleasant — Had 

services on deck just after dinner ; 2| o'clk, 

imagined you were all at church at Morning 

Service — Hope Tom 1 preached you as good 

1 The Rev. Thomas Starr King, — minister of Hollis Street 


sermon as we had — I sang — Capt. blowed. 
Our minister — Methodist — exhorting the 
sailors to read the Bible, not occasionally, but 
often — and in order to impress upon their 
minds the importance of it in order to be 
safe, told them the old story of the African 
Ostrich, who, when pursued by hunters, al- 
ways, after being unable to get clear, put their 
heads underneath the sand, leaving their bodies 
exposed, and are then caught — Jacks looked 
incredulous — looked as though they could 
spin a better yarn themselves. Cook looked 
squint eyed — pulled his wool over his eyes 
in imitation of Humbug. These services are 
very unpopular with the sailors — they be- 
lieve there is no good luck at sea when mis- 
sionaries are on board. The ministers are 
young men and very gentlemanly. Saw a ship 
at daylight this morning ahead of us, going the 
same way; did not speak her — in two hours 
she was astern of us and out of sight. 

April 14' I had the impression when I 
started, that I should find enough to interest 
and amuse me all the way out — but I am mis- 
taken — although I have everything for my com- 


fort on board, yet I am fairly tired of a Sea 
Voyage — missionaries no companions — young 
brat yelling — A. . . . fidgety, silly, and nerv- 
ous; fairly sore from sitting — although there 
is plenty room on the quarter deck to prome- 
nade, yet it is not so convenient when we are 
going with a 10 knot breeze, for it takes all 
the time to hold on and keep on your feet. I 
would give a month's salary to have a good 
walk or run round Boston Common — have 
almost made up my mind to go for'ard with the 
sailors, and go to work with them — Now and 
then come up with a vessel but go by them 
just as though they were lying at anchor. Ex- 
pect to be down tomorrow on the banks oppo- 
site Rio Janeiro — where we shall no doubt see 
some whales and whalers — weather getting 
quite comfortable, growing cooler every day — 
nights splendid — nearly full moon. 

April 15. Fine day ; going 9 knots — feel 
about the same. 

April 16. Down sick with the Dysentery — 
Dr. Wiley prescribed Castor Oil, Laudanum, 
Dovers Powders, etc. Think it is all owing to 
eating too freely of Roast Pork. The pig was 


killed last Saturday, and it was brought on in 
some shape every meal — as it would not keep 
long, fresh. Am very partial to it, but it is too 
hearty for warm weather. Dr. Wiley and Mr. 
A. . . . unwell from the same cause. 

April 17. Tired of lying down — drest and 
went on deck ; think it as well if I keep quiet 

— missed the little attentions I had when I 
was sick with it before. Cannot get those little 
comforts at sea which we can on shore — 
weather nearly calm. 

April 18. Little better today — "Wind light 

— from the North — heavy rollers from the 
S.W. which stops our headway. Made only 60 
miles today — Lat. 23.01 South ; Long. 32.33 ; 
about 630 miles from Rio Janeiro. Saw the 
sun and moon yesterday rise and set at the same 
time — a very beautiful sight. 

April 19. Pleasant day — not much wind — 
health improving. 

April 20. Sunday. Fine day — no wind — 
Missionaries had services on deck — about 
half the sailors present — Health improving. 
Saw the Magellan clouds over the Southern 
Cross — always remain there stationary — Cap- 


tain cross — and expect we are doomed to be 
stationary — 

April 21. Still calm — but about sundown 
the breeze sprang up and sent us over the 
water 10 knots — Steering South — 58 miles 
to 12 o'clk M. this day — Lat. 28.07 South; 
Long. 32.20. 

April 22. Eat nearly my allowance — Al- 
tered our course from South to S.E. Fresh 
Breeze — going 11-i knots. 

April 23. Fine day — sailed 205 miles. 

April 24- Weather beginning to grow cool ; 
changed my thin clothes for thick ones — 
There are light clouds trying to come up from 
the S.W. — but are beaten back by N.W. 
winds — think it will change to S.W. soon. 

April 25. Fine day but very little wind — 

April 26. Wind fresh from W.N.W.— 
Lat. 35.32 South; Long. 14.03 West; distance 
today 203 miles — Wind directly aft and sent 
us thro' the water about 10 knots — sea very 
high wh. caused the vessel to roll considerably; 
— have got quite smart again and begin to 
enjoy the trip very much. 

April 27. Sunday. At 3 o'clk a.m. the Cap- 


tain came to my state room and awoke me, 
and asked me if I wished to see some pretty 
tall sailing, to come up on deck. The wind had 
changed at 12 o'clk from W.N.W. to S.W., 
and at that time (3 o'clk), was blowing fresh. 
I hurried up on deck and found the ship lying 
over so that her lee rail was within a foot of the 
top of the water — Just then, as they were taking 
in the top gallant studding sail, it swung round 
and struck the main top gallant sail, and split 
it in two. I soon found there was tall sailing 
indeed ; such a sight I never saw before — The 
sea as far round as I could shy a biscuit was 
white with foam, and it was with difficulty I 
could keep my feet. Upon throwing the log, 
we found she was going 13 knots, and the 
noble ship did plough through the water in 
gallant style. At 4, the Captain and myself 
turned in. The Mate was reported to the Capt., 
as being very sick and unable to stand his 
watch, and the 2nd. mate had to stand a double 
one — I turned out again at 7 o'clk and found 
the ship going 12 knots — owing to short'ning 
sail in order to bend a new main top gallant 
sail — but she soon came up again to 13 knots. 


There were hundreds of Cape pigeons flying 
about, as large as a duck ; albatrosses measur- 
ing 10 feet to the extremity of their wings and 
" stink pots " 2 about the same size without 
number. There was now a prospect of making 
up for the calms we had upon the Equator. 
And a short passage was in prospect, — soon 
to be verified. — It was a splendid day, but too 
rough for the missionaries to hold forth, — 
pause — The Capt. has invited me to take a 
bottle Hock Wine with him — sorry — but ah 
— zoell I donH care! inner man much re- 
freshed — that 's me — will proceed — The 
sea was running high, and covered with foam, 
and was altogether the most beautiful scene I 
ever saw — We had run this day 235 miles 
and were in Lat. 36.21 South; Long. 9.27 
West; having run within 60 miles of Tristan 
d'Acunha — passed it about midnight. 

April 28. Wind came round west N.W., 
directly aft and we are rolling heavily now as 
I write — going about 101 knots. Amused our- 
selves shooting at the Albatrosses — didn't 
kill any — must have been in the powder — 

1 " Stink pots " ; — also known as " boobies." 


very likely — Cook advised us to elevate the 
gun a little below the birds. There 's a bull — 
Yes, and a blot too — but lay it to the lurching 
— we have run this day 220 miles. 

April 29. We are now nearly in the latitude 
of the Cape, and the weather is similar to that 
of Nov. 1st in feeling and appearance. I have 
doffed my summer suit, and donned my winter 
one — have made up my mind to experience 
some severe weather. The change is so great 
and the air so bracing that I have to be very 
select in regard to my diet — have lately adopted 
Sally's advice and have had recourse to senna 
which I found in the Ship's Medicine Chest. I 
find it helps me. Lat 38.20 S ; Long. 5.54 E ; 
265 miles. 

April 30. Still blowing fresh, with showers 
of rain — No observation today — had to go by 
dead reckoning — Capt. had delayed taking in 
the boats thinking we should get clear of 
stormy weather, but he was mistaken. About 
10 o'clk, as he and myself were walking the 
Quarter deck preparatory to going below, a 
heavy sea dashed up on the quarter snapping 
the Guy that confines one of the davits to the 


boats — He immediately called all hands aft to 
take them in, which was not accomplished with- 
out a deal of trouble and time. During the pro- 
cess some of the men had a very narrow escape 
from going overboard, and losing the boats. They 
had fastened one end of the boat to a tackle in 
the mizzen rigging — let go the guys — and 
about ten men were hauling it inboard over 
the lee rail, when a sea struck her which 
caused her to heel over so that it was impos- 
sible to hold the boat until she was lurched 
against the fore davits, and it was possible to 
recover her — thanks to the strength of the 
tackles — as it was, some of the men were bruised, 
but not badly — it was the most unpleasant 
night I ever passed, and I think none of us 
slept more than two hours all night. 

May 1. Lat. 38.11 Sj Long. 10 — made 
185 miles — sea running very high ; the most 
uncomfortable day since we have been out — I 
never have felt and realized the strength and 
force of the wind and waves before now — it 
goes ahead of my imaginations even in my 
very dreams. I lack the power of description. 
I should like to be gifted with the spirit of a 


G. P. R. James — Dickens or Willis for an hour, 
that I might describe the scene around me — 
though I am fearful that he, — G. P. R. James, 
— would commence with his oft proverbial 
style: — of — "The sun was just rising over 
the hill when two horsemen were seen approach- 
ing at a brisk trot," but that would hardly be 
applicable to our present situation. It would 
be more like if I were to alter it to : — " The 
sun was just going down behind a large black 
cloud, when a person was seen in the Cabin of 
a Ship, holding on with one hand to the table, 
and attempting to write with the other" — but 
the scene is so new and so different from my 
wildest imaginations, that I lack the power of 
describing it. 

Another squall has struck us and I must 
give up journalizing. 

Around me everything is in commotion — 
the ship's lee rail is laying over even with the 
water. All sails are set, including the wind- 
ward studding sails alow and aloft. The sky 
sails were fortunately lowered upon deck two 
days ago. The Captain is upon the Quarter 
deck, giving his orders in a rapid and thun- 


dering tone, which are repeated by the three 
mates, who with the sailors are distributed 
about different parts of the ship. The "Watch 
below have just been ordered up, as is custom- 
ary in case of emergency, and are taking in 
studding sails, with all possible despatch — 
but before that is completed, one sail is split 
and one boom broke short off to the yard. The 
other sails are left to their fate, as these clippers 
carry on as long as possible, and with the top- 
masts bending like bows, we are sailing — with 
the wind on our quarter — through the water 
like mad, at the rate of 14 knots per hour. It 
is a splendid sight to me and one which I en- 
joy, to see the sea running higher than our 
house — home phrase — all around us, rushing 
and plunging, and seeming to do its utmost to 
overwhelm the ship — now and then breaking 
over and leaving a foot of water upon the 
deck. Then it is difficult for the men to move 
about from one place to another — they are 
well experienced and watch their chances with 
the roll of the ship. Often pieces of plank 
break loose and go back and forth with the 
rush of the water making it a shin-breaking 


business to move about. One of our boys a 
day or two since, was so unfortunate as to lose 
his hold and slide across the deck to leeward 
with such force as to nearly break his ankle — 
but it was found upon examination to be only 
sprained. One of the reverends, a 6 feet 2 
Chap took a launch to leeward this morning, 
catching hold of one of the steerage doors in 
his course, which broke from its fastenings, 
and away he went into the lee scuppers. I hap- 
pened to come on deck just in time to see him 
pick himself out from under a spare spar, for 
all the world like a drowned rat, and consol- 
ing himself with the remark, — that " Such is 
life," as he went below to seek consolation 
from his more fortunate brethren and a dry 
shirt. It is amusing to see a regular salt and 
a green horn in one of these fetchaways. Old 
Jack, when he finds himself going, always 
snuggles himself into as small a compass as 
possible, puts himself into a sort of squatty- 
bumbo position which is amusing to the spec- 
tators, and embarrassing to himself. 

May 2. We find ourselves today in Lat. 
38 — ; Long 15.43 East; having made the 


good run of 265 miles — Still blowing fresh, 
and going round the Cape of Good Hope — with 
a 12 knot breeze and a strong head current. 

May 3. Blowing fresh, and a head current 
— frequent showers rain. Lat 38.42 S ; — 
Long. 20.51 — 250 miles. 

May 4' Sunday. Sea subsiding — going 
10 and 11 knots — still with a strong head 
current against us, and frequent squalls — No 
probability of seeing a sail (unless we over- 
take one), until we get nearly to Anjer, as 
those going west keep within a dozen miles of 
the Cape in going round, and then head for 
St. Helena — while we steer directly East for 
St. Pauls and then up to Anjer Point. Had 
heavy hail storm last night, took in all the 
light sails, and double reefed the topsails. Blew 
a hurricane all day and at night had to tie my- 
self into my bed for fear of suddenly finding 
myself on the floor. 

May 5. Temperature much warmer — sea 
and wind quite calm. 

May 6. Lat. 37.25 S. — Long. 34.07 East. 
228 miles. Find ourselves about 25 miles north 
of yesterday's observation, and much warmer. 


May 7. Lat 37.34 S. — Long. 37.17 E. 
158 Miles — quite calm all the morning, but 
in the afternoon a 7 knot breeze sprang up. 

May 8. Going at a moderate rate, about 7 
knots, Nothing unusual occurred worth relat- 
ing. Lat. 37.58 — Long. 40.39 ; — East 7 
degrees S., 1 165 miles. 

May 9. Blowing fresh nearly aft. Ship rolls 
heavily. Mr. A. . . . was so unfortunate as to 
get a lurch to leeward, sprained both ankles, 
one badly — his mind has much improved and 
he makes good company. 

May 10. Made 12 knots an hour up to 12 
midnight — wind then died away to a calm. 7 
knot breeze commenced at 8 a.m. Made at 12 
o'clk 224 miles ; find ourselves in Lat 39.04 — 
Long. 50.53 having made an E. 3 degrees S. 

May 11. Sunday. Head the report 1851 
of the Seaman's Aid Society — quote from the 
Title Page — " Would you promote the pres- 
ent as well as the future happiness of the poor 
— Give them employment in the place of 

1 The entry in the Journal is written as above. " East 7 
degrees S.," indicates the course sailed. 


charity, that by lessening their dependence — 
You thereby increase their self-respect." 

Quote from Psalms 49.18 — "Men will 
praise thee when thou doeth well to thyself." 

Quote from Alton Locke : " But gin ye do 
weel by yoursel, saith the Psalmist, ye '11 find 
a' men speak well o' ye — if ye gang their gate." 

Quere ! The Psalmist was minded to denote 
the delights of spending borrowed siller. 

May 12. "Weather fine — jogging slowly — 
Such is life — Here today and there tomorrow. 

May 13. Cloudy — breeze freshening, made 
200 miles today — we are about 600 miles 
west St. Pauls — improving my leisure time 
by studying Spanish — find excellent oppor- 
tunity to practice with some of the sailors — 
having nearly every language on board. 

May lJj-. Fine breeze up to 12 M. — made 
285 miles — the best day's run since we have 
been out — find ourselves in Lat. 39.13 — 
Long. 69.59 — Wind died away at noon. 

May 15. Been going 13 and 14 knots since 12 
midnight. At 8 a.m. — threw the log and ran 
the line entirely off the reel, going over 14 knots 
— strong N.W. wind — made only 237 miles. 


May 16. Passed St. Pauls 2 a.m. blowing a 
gale — At daybreak, dressed and went on deck, 
as the vessel was laboring and rolling heavily, 
and it was more comfortable on deck than 
below. The wind was still blowing a gale, and 
now and then I could see a terrible roller larger 
than the rest come rushing and tumbling on, 
higher than the others and soon the huge mass 
would break over the stern or quarter of the 
ship, and dash her with terrible force on her 
way, to be succeeded by another perhaps still 
larger — who t]»at has heard once, can forget 
the sea moan of the wind in its rushing course 
through the rigging of a ship. It is grand, yet 
truly fearful. We had hardly canvas enough 
spread upon the whole ship to make a main 
top sail. The fore and mainmast each bore only 
a single sail, — close reefed. The sky sail yards 
were down — the boats safely housed upon the 
quarter deck — not a man was aloft, as the 
Capt. took care to have no occasion, before 
the storm was upon us. Still I had no fear as 
to the termination of the gale, for I had every 
confidence in the Capt. — and a trump of a 
fellow he is too — He knew his course, and 


was as cool and collected as though he was in 
his own house ashore. Nothing would have 
saved us had we but touched a reef, or come in 
contact with another vessel larger than ours. 

Made 270 miles this day. 

May 17. Cold — raw — windy day — made 
240 miles. 

May 18. Sunday. Do. Do. Wind aft, ship 
rolling very heavily — 236 miles Lat. 35.17 — 
Long. 89.44. 

May 19. Made 195 miles — light west 
winds — getting accustomed to my sea life — 
comfortable but tedious — have gained about 
10 lbs. 

May 20. Lat. 32.33 — Long. 95.54 —Made 
only 163 miles — weather very pleasant — 
Thermometer 67 noon — shade — Since I 
have been out, have divided my day's employ- 
ment and recreation as follows — Arose about 
sunrise, — when the weather was suitable took 
a salt water bath ; — walked the quarter deck 
till about breakfast time — ; 8 o'clk, — After 
which, lounge on deck till about 9i o'clk when 
I take to my Spanish — study till about 12^ 
o'clk. By that time the Capt. has worked up 


his reckoning ; — the chart is taken out upon 
tlie table, and we comment upon the ship's pro- 
gress — currents — winds, etc., till 1 — when 
the steward lays the cloth for dinner, which, at 
1| o'clk is ready to be served up. Which 
being completed, we disperse to different parts 
of the ship where our fancy wills us — occa- 
sionally I go aloft to look around — but often 
look in vain for something new, — As far as the 
eye can reach — nothing is seen but one vast 
circle of water, with myself apparently left 
alone except for the few visible beings below 
me — with here and there a stray bird — it 
puts me in mind of the painting of the last 
man, all others swept from the face of the 
earth by famine and deluge — and there I sit 
for an hour thinking of what I was and what 
I am — what I have been and what I will be. 
The rest of the afternoon I consume in reading, 
having plenty of books with me — some a pre- 
sent from James Lawrence and Mr. Wolcott, 
and about $100. worth sent out by Redding & 
Co., 1 of which I have the use, with also a few 

1 George W. Redding & Co., " periodical depot," 8 State 
Street, Boston. 


sent by Mr. Parker — at A. A. L. & Bro. for 
his brother Frank. Sometimes when the weather 
is smooth, we have games on deck — joined by 
the Captain and rest of the passengers — the 
evening is spent by spinning yarns on deck, 
reading in the Cabin, or studying Spanish — At 
times we present a busy group — Mr. A. . . . 
and Dr. Wiley studying French, Mr. Colder 
reading old sermons and writing new ones, the 
Capt. looking over his chart, writing up his 
log — or reading some of my books, of which 
I have given him the privilege. 

May 21. Fine breeze from the N.W. rather 
an unexpected quarter, as we are in the track 
of the S.E. trades ; made 230 miles — Lat. 
29.54 Long. 98.56 ; have run since we left New 
York, 12,834 miles, and being 68 days out, 
have averaged 188^ miles, which is very fair, 
considering the winds we have had and not 
having reefed our topsails but once since we 
have been out, and not had a 10 knot breeze 
more than 12 hours at a time. 

May 22. In Lat. 26.16 Long. 100.56 dis- 
tance — 248 miles. At 12 M. going about 12 
knots. At 1, — a shower sprang up from the 


south, passed over, and left the wind light from 
that quarter. 

May 23. At 3 a.m. the wind veered round 
to the S.E., and at sunrise we began to go 10 
knots with the first of the regular trades — 
The wind in this lat. commences to blow from 
that quarter all the year round. 1 As soon as 
the men had got their breakfast, they com- 
menced clearing up and washing out under the 
Top Gallant Fore-Castle, — preparatory to get- 
ting out the chain cable and cat-heading the 
anchor, which soon began to have the appear- 
ance of approaching Java Head : Sun rose this 
a.m. 6| o'clk and set 5| o'clk. 

May 2Jf. Weather very pleasant — at noon 
quite warm ; 238 miles. 

May 25. Sunday. Fine weather with strong 
trades; 1|- knot current setting down New 
Holland Straits. 2 Had it not been for that, 
should have made our best days work. Made 
275 miles. 

May 26. Wind headed us off at midnight, 

1 That is, in this latitude a Teasel enters the zone of the 
southeast trades. 

2 New Holland Straits, — one of the Eastern Passages ; — 
this name is not used on modern charts. 


but still blew fresh with squalls — expected 
still to feel the current from N. H. Straits, and 
the Capt. was surprised to find at noon, when 
he took the sun, that we had passed through 
them. The sails have been close hauled, and 
getting to windward as much as possible. We 
are Lat. 11.22 South ; Long. 104.50 E. Made 
230 miles. About 4 p.m. Capt. discovered land 
about 4 points on the lee bow, which proved to 
be Christmas Island ; he immediately took the 
sun, and found we were out of our reckoning 
— We are about 50 miles further east, and 
about 25 miles S.E. of the Island. To me it 
seemed a great mistake, but the Capt. said it 
was quite a common occurrence to be from 30 
to 75 miles out of the way, when not making 
land for so long a time ; this being the first we 
had seen since leaving N. Yk. It was favor- 
able that it was to the windward ; had it been 
to leeward, would have given us a great deal 
of trouble to have made J. Head, 1 as there is 
a strong current setting through there to the 
May 27. Made Palambang Point at noon 

1 J. Head, i.e., Java Head. 


this day, distant about 20 miles, this is a 
promontory on the main land of Java. Wind 
moderate from the S.W., at 4 p.m. died away, 
and left us becalmed with a 2 knot current 
setting to Eastward. This was rather dis- 
couraging after having a good breeze to within 
30 miles Java Head, to leave us within sight 
of Anchorage. About sundown the Capt. 
set his course due W. and at daybreak found 
he had run about 25 miles. He then altered 
his course due North — which in 3 hours car- 
ried us within 10 miles of Java Head, a high 
headland which we could see very plainly. "We 
lay all day in about that position, with hardly 
wind enough to stir a ripple on the water, and 
the sun scorching. We amused ourselves in 
catching with a net, small shells floating on the 
water, Crabs, water snakes, etc., — specimens 
of which the ladies preserved. We had a rain 
squall last night, and I had the pleasure of 
seeing, and happily not feeling, the influence 
of a water spout. It passed just astern of us, 
and we could distinctly hear the rushing of 
the water as it was drawn up into the clouds, 
though it would be impossible for a close ob- 


server to tell whether the water went up or 
down even if it had been daylight. 

May 28. At daylight Princes Island bore 
N.E. 16 miles distant — Calm all day — 
Amused ourselves in the course of the day 
watching the water snakes rising to the top of 
the water. They were from li to 3 ft. long, 
colored, and with something which had the ap- 
pearance of rattles like a rattle snake — they 
would swim up to the side of the vessel on the 
top of the water, and then swim back without 
turning round, as though they had a head on 
each end of their body, and in fact, they did 
not taper off at the tail, but both ends ap- 
peared to be of equal size. 

May 29. In the Straits Sunda — becalmed 
all day — Very warm. A man at the wheel 
about noon today was sun struck — he would 
have fallen had he not been just able to call 
out to the Capt. who happened to be upon the 
quarter deck. He was bled and in the course 
of the day entirely recovered. 

May SO. At 10i a.m. — hove in sight 
Anjer, and were beset by a number of Malay 
boats, manned by from 3 to 15 wretched look- 


ing Malays, some of whom were entirely naked, 
who set up such a holloing and jabbering that 
it was difficult for the mates to hear the Cap- 
tain's orders. As soon as they reached us they 
fastened their boats along side, and were anx- 
ious for the Capt. to trade. He told them he 
would not till he came to anchor. This did not 
silence them, for they redoubled their cries and 
yells, when finding we still persisted in not 
trading for their cargo — (which consisted of 
yams, bananas, eggs, chickens, cocoa nuts, or- 
anges, etc.,) they started off for another vessel 
which was coming up in sight. Presently the 
principal man of the Malays — " Penn " — as 
he is called, came off dressed in his regiment- 
als, blue frock coat with brass buttons — white 
pantaloons fastened over the hips by a leather 
belt with a brass buckle. He is a small sized, 
intelligent looking man, of about 40 years of 
age, and about as large as our George — He 
was very polite, shook hands with the Capt. 
and passed his book to me to examine. It is 
customary for all vessels which stop there to 
insert their names, where bound, and the num- 
ber of days from port of departure, the names of 


the passengers, or any message which they wish 
to leave for other Captains bound up the China 
Sea. Our Capt. had made a bet with the Capt. 
of the Ariel, 1 who was bound to Canton, on the 
number of days out. The forfeit was to be li 
dozen fat ducks. Although the Ariel left N. Yk. 
the Sunday previous to us, we arrived at Anjer 
before them ; — not finding her name upon 
"Penn's" books, we ordered the ducks to be 
paid for by Capt. Brewster of the Ariel, upon 
his arrival at Anjer, with a message — " if he 
caught up with us he might have them." The 
stores we were in want of, were inserted in 
" Penn's " books — amounting to about -$60., 
with directions to get them off as soon as pos- 
sible, as there were 3 ships coming around the 
point, — 1 an American which the Capt. was 
fearful might prove to be the Ariel. He or- 
dered 5 dozen nice chickens, 80 cents a dozen ; 
20 picul yams similar to potatoes; (picul, 
133^ lbs ;) onions, bananas, cocoa nuts ; (Or- 

1 " The Ariel, 572 tons, was built by John Currier at 
Newburyport in 1S46, for Minot & Hooper, of Boston. This 
ship became celebrated in the China trade, and was bought 
by N. L. & Q. Griswold, and has a record of ninety days 
from Canton to New York." 


anges poor), Eggs, etc. By the time the ship 
was anchored and everything snug, dinner was 
ready — of which we all partook lightly, hav- 
ing lost our appetites with the prospect of going 
ashore. By the time dinner was finished, we 
found one of the boats on the davits ready with 
a flag nicely spread aft. Two of the ladies took 
their seats, (one being left to keep the baby in 
tune,) the boat lowered, hauled to the gang- 
way where the male passengers took their seats, 
and with five oars were quickly rowed ashore, 
wh. laid about a mile from the Ship. We passed 
in between two dykes — about 25 feet apart, 
formed by spiles driven into the mud — about 
20 rods, and landed at the stone stairs — we 
were beset by about 50 Malays, men, women 
and children — and a Malay Custom House 
officer with drawn sword — whom I think could 
all have been easily disposed of by a stout reso- 
lute American with a good stick. We were 
permitted to land without hesitation by a word 
to the officer from "Penn." This port is the 
2nd. in size of the three on the Island of Java 
— it is situated on the west — Batavia at the 
north — and Sourabaya on the East. This is 


the town — Sourabaya, — where Mrs. Eaton 
— Geo. Patten's J sister, resides. Mr. Eaton, 
as the principal American Merchant in the 
place, — has become wealthy, and intends this 
summer to return to Mass. and take up his 
permanent residence. This island belongs to the 
Dutch, and is manned by one company of 
Dutch and one of Malay, with 4 heavy Can- 
non. We passed over a bridge, and were per- 
mitted to visit the Fort, barracks, etc. but as 
the Governor was taking his afternoon nap — 
we were obliged to be our own guides. We 
found everything in the neatest order, and 
would have done credit to our Navy Yards. As 
our time was very short, we had to hurry, and 
therefore could not examine everything per- 
fectly. We then recrossed the Canal, and found 
the only shop in the place tended by three 
Chinamen, but owned and under the direction 
of " Penn." There we found everything in 
" European Style." After taking a glass of 
wine, by the Captain's invitation, we walked 
down the main road lined on one side by fine 

1 George W. Patten, of the firm of Jamea Patten & Co., 
Importers, 40 South Market Street, Boston. 


Dutch buildings surrounded by Gardens, and 
on the other by the seashore, where we saw a 
bath house with the letters of " Bath House 
for Ladies & Gentlemen " upon it. This walk 
was about the width, before it sloped to the 
shore, of Broadway — N. Yk., and in fine order. 
We walked about a quarter mile, and came 
round to the stairs through the Malay portion 
of the village. We found the streets very nar- 
row, the houses, small, low and some of them 
in poor condition. We saw a few Cocoa Nut 
trees, with tame Buffaloes grazing under them, 
as quietly as cows, and here and there a miser- 
able looking dog who looked as though 't would 
take half dozen of them to lean against a tree 
to get up a bark. We passed through a num- 
ber of low sheds which was called their market 
— the principal article for sale seemed to be 
the Betel nut, which is chewed by the natives 
the same as Europeans chew tobacco. We 
found a great many things to excite our curi- 
osity about a brick building in the course of 
erection. We found no one at work, as it is a 
custom there to work early in the morning and 
late in the afternoon, to avoid the hot sun. 


Instead, like the Europeans, building their stag- 
ing on the outside, they build theirs on the 
inside which looks most as awkward as com- 
mencing at the top and building down. As we 
passed the houses some of the occupants would 
bring articles to sell, and I saw a pair of China 
Tea pots offered to one of the ladies for 75 
cents. After examining a few of the strange 
sights, we passed on our way to the landing 
and noticed some women with a child in one 
arm, and leading a monkey with a string, and 
it occurred to me that the monkeys received 
more attention than the children, who are left 
to wander where they wished, some of them en- 
tirely naked. Having arrived at the boat, we 
put off for the ship and found all our stores 
hoisted on board, which was expeditiously done 
in the short space of an hour. The boat was 
hoisted in with the Ladies, the mate directed 
to get sail on the ship and weigh the anchor ; 
which was accomplished in a short time, and 
we passed on our way up the Java Sea be- 
tween two small Islands called the "But- 
ton" and "Cap," — with a strong 10 knot 


May 31. Fine 10 knot breeze up the Java 
Sea — At daylight discovered 2 sail ahead of 
us, one an English ship which had been be- 
calmed at Anjer about a week. She was filled 
with English Troops bound for Hong Kong, 
the same port as ourselves. At sundown, it be- 
ing impossible to make the entrance to Gaspar 
Strait, anchored till morning. 

June 1. Sunday. At sunrise, discovered 
land ahead, which proved to be an Island at 
the entrance of Gaspar Straits ; got under 
weigh, and passed through with a 12 knot 
breeze and 4 knot current against us, in com- 
pany with an English Opium Brig. Clipper. 
Just before we got to the entrance of the 
Straits, the Leadsman in the main channel 
cried out 5 fathoms water (30 feet). This took 
us all aback — as our vessel draws about 20 
feet. The Capt. instantly ordered the helm 
hard up, and the water soon deepened to 6 — 
7 — 10 — 15 fathoms. We stood that course 
about two miles, and then steered our course 
again through the Straits. We soon came up to 
the Brig, passed her about half mile off, and 
at sun set she was hull down. At noon passed 


on the east side Gaspar Island, and within a 
quarter of a mile. 

June, 2. Fine day — Thermometer 99 at 
noon — with a seven knot breeze. 

June 3. Passed West Island, on the west 
side. Near this place is where a Swedish Brig, 
about a year since, was attacked by Malay Pi- 
rates in three boats ; — two of them were sunk 
by cannon shots, and a good breeze springing 
up — she ran over and sunk the third. About 
noon we were becalmed, and as is customary 
with vessels bound up the China Sea, the pow- 
der was got out ; our two cannon were shotted 
and ready in case of emergency. This precau- 
tion was deemed necessary, more to satisfy the 
Insurance Companies in case of loss, than for 

June 4' Wind calm — Thermometer 90 de- 
grees — but felt much warmer as the weather 
was sultry. My health A. No. 1. Face getting 
quite moon like. Hark there is the dinner bell 
— expect to have one of the turtles which was 
procured at Anjer served up today — one, the 
Capt. is going to keep for dinner on the 4th. 
July, and has invited me to come down to 


Whampoa — 12 miles from Canton, where the 
vessel lays, to partake — The people told the 
Sexton and the Sexton tolled the bell. 

" Dinner ready, Jfassa Bany ; Turtle git- 
tin* cold." 

June 5. Crew busy scrubbing paint inside 
and outside. Decks to be scrubbed and holy 
stoned, rigging tarred down, and the hull to 
be painted outside, to look well when we 
arrive in port. Saw a great many snakes 
such as I have described — floating by on 
the top of the water — some three or four feet 

June 6. Still calm ; only made 45 miles. 
Saw a number Cuttle fish floating by, the bone 
of which is frequently given to Canary birds. 

June 7. Vessel did not move at all last 
night, and at 9 a.m. was going only one knot. 
Thermometer at 10 a.m. in the shade, 98 de- 
grees, — getting towards China weather. 

June 8. Sunday. Very pleasant weather. 
Towards noon, little breeze from the west — 
made only twenty two miles. 

June 9. Still calm. 

June 10. Fine breeze sprang up varying at 


times from the S.W. to S.S.E ; — made 180 

June 11. Same wind — with frequent heavy 
squalls. Some of them the Capt. said, were the 
heaviest he ever saw. I took a shower bath this 
evening, which was very fine. The water was 
very luminous, and as it was thrown over me 
it seemed like one sheet of fire. The vessel's 
path was one broad track of light, and to 
heighten the interest of the phenomenon, 
crowds of porpoises were playing about in dif- 
ferent directions, their tracks a living flame. 
They would shoot out, and leave a train of 
light thirty feet ; now darting back and pursu- 
ing each other round and round, till the path 
appeared a tangled skein of light. 

June 12. Going the same rate with a fresh 
breeze directly aft, passed at sunrise three 
Chinese Junks bound to Canton. We were 
not near enough to speak them — they were 
going about 4 knots while we were going 
10 knots. This evening a large bird of the 
duck species flew on board, probably attracted 
by our binnacle light. It was called a booby. 
We fastened a placard round its neck with the 


ship's name, and when and where taken, then 
let him go. 

June 13. Capt. took an observation at 12 m. 
and found we had made 185 miles — 190 miles 
from an Island called the " Asses Ears," and 
230 miles from Hong Kong. Our barometer 
had fallen from 29.65 to 29.30, the lowest since 
we had been out, which indicated a heavy 
storm. The skysail and royal yards were sent 
down, and towards sundown it began to blow 
fresh from the S.W. Double reefs were taken 
in all the three topsails, all the other sails 
furled and everything made snug. 

June lJf. Still blowing fresh. Just before 
daybreak had a very severe shower — at sun- 
rise the wind increased to a hurricane ; we lay 
to under close reefed topsails till noon, when 
the wind moderated, and we stood in shore; 
we made land about sundown, but as the heav- 
ens still show signs of a blow, Capt. thought it 
advisable to tack ship and stand off. He short- 
ened sail so as to run about a knot an hour. 

June 15. Sunday. At sunrise, still blowing 
fresh and raining — laid to till noon, when we 
stood in shore again, anxious to get a pilot. 


The Capt. would not have had any fear of 
running in close to land if he had a pilot, but 
thought it hazardous to risk it without one. 
The pilots are frequently seen 20 miles from 
land, but as it had been blowing heavy a num- 
ber of days, were afraid to venture out. We 
made the " Asses Ears " again, this p.m. Stood 
in to within 20 miles of it, but at sundown no 
pilot in sight — tacked ship and stood off 

June 16. At midnight cleared off and the 
moon came out. Clear and bright ; stood in 
for land and at day break it clouded up again, 
and looked as though we were to have a repe- 
tition of yesterday's weather. At 8 o'clk a.m. 
made the land again, at the distance of 20 
miles. We felt quite encouraged at the pros- 
pect of getting a pilot, and of soon seeing Hong 
Kong, but were doomed to continued disap- 
pointment. At 11 a.m. a dead calm ; sent up 
our royal and sky sail yards to get the benefit 
of the best breeze. At 12 M. the sun just dis- 
cernible. Capt. took a sight and found us to 
be 10 miles from land, — but it was cloudy 
and could not see it. 


June 17. Little breeze sprang up and we 
stood in, hoping to get sight at a fisherman or 
pilot. Our hopes began to diminish, when the 
mate from the top gallant forecastle discovered 
a boat putting towards us, this was quite en- 
couraging and we stood for it, but a squall 
sprang up and added to our innumerable mis- 
fortunes by shutting it out from our view. Soon 
it cleared up, and made out the boat about a 
mile ahead, hove to for us to come up, when 
they threw us a line, and one of the party came 
on board, dressed in India rubber pants, thin 
black linen frock, and a large bamboo hat 
shaped like a parasol. He shew the Capt. his 
book of recommendations, and waited quietly 
for him to state his wishes. The conversation 
was as follows — Capt., " you take ship in 
Hong Kong" — Pilot, "very well — I take 
you in." Capt., " How much you charge ? " 
Pilot, " How much you pay last time?" Capt., 
" Fifteen dollars " — Pilot, " very good — I 
take you safe," he manifested considerable 
shrewdness, and I was surprised to see how 
intelligent he was. 

As we neared the land we noticed several 


vessels coming out, bound to Shanghae — Cal- 
ifornia and England. The Islands look splen- 
didly with the setting sun shining upon them, 
and had the appearance of copper. We ran in 
to within a stone's throw of one called the 
Camel's Island, which looked beautiful with a 
heavy stream of water running down from the 
top of the rock. The wind dying away but the 
tide setting in, we kept on our course between 
the Islands, although a number of ships had 
run under the land, and anchored. 

June 18. Just before daybreak, we noticed 
lights ahead on shore, which our pilot informed 
us was Hong Kong, and at daybreak we an- 
chored within a half dozen ship's lengths from 
the shore. It was a pleasant sight to us after 
being knocked round on the water for 92 days. 
Soon a boat came off, and Geo. Haskell — son 
of Coolidge & Haskell, Boston, and brother in 
Law of Henry Burdett, Boston, jumped on 
board, and I was glad to see him looking so 
finely. Instead of our bringing him the paper 
of the latest dates, March 13th., he shew us 
one of 8th of April, and in it I noticed addi- 
tional trouble with the negroes of Boston, and 


Fletcher Webster being arrested for stopping 
a watchman from ringing a bell, etc. 

At 8 a.m. went on shore in a Sampan Boat 
pulled by 2 women, which work is nearly all 
done by them. Presented my letter of intro- 
duction to the Am. Consul, F. T. Bush, Esq., 
a Boston gentleman, but who had resided in 
Hong Kong for the last 8 years, who soon made 
me feel at home, and kindly invited me to stop 
and dine with him, which I accepted. Mr. 
Schwermann, the resident partner of Wolcott 
Bates & Co., Canton, had been waiting there 
for me 3 or 4 days, and had the day before 
started for Canton and left instructions for me 
to join him as soon as possible, as he was very 
busy and needed assistance. By the advice of 
Mr. Bush, stopped at his house that night, and 
at 8 the next morning [June 19] started for 
Canton in the steamer, as I was fearful the 
ship would be detained by calms on the way 
up. At 5 p.m. steamer arrived at Canton. 
Small boats were immediately along side, eager 
to take us ashore, and in a few moments more, 
with my trunk, I was dodging from one line of 
junks to another in a tanka boat similar to a 


Sampan, with a screened apartment in the Cen- 
tre, and propelled by two women, now with 
oars and now with long bamboo poles, and now 
with hands as they seized the sides of a line of 
anchored vessels riding in the stream, until we 
reached the stone steps in the garden, and op- 
posite the American Hongs — otherwise called 
the factories. 

I soon found my future home, and intro- 
duced myself to Mr. Schwermann, whom I 
found quite a gentleman, and soon I felt as 
much at home as though I had resided there 
some time. 

Our house is a new four story brick build- 
ing, about the size of your main house, with 
the exception of ours being a story higher ; and 
furnished as fine as any house I have seen in 
Boston. I found my room all ready, and fur- 
nished at the expense of the House, — all the 
furniture being made of Camphor Wood which 
is very fine. There are at present stopping with 
us, 1 Spanish Gent., the Owner of a ship wh. 
we are loading for Manila, 1 German Capt., 
and a Mr. Rice, a Boston Gent., nephew of the 
Burroughs, who used to reside in Hollis St. 


June 19 {and later). At dinner, which is at 31 
o'clk, Mr. Schwermann took his seat at one 
end of the table and placed me opposite him, 
as my future seat to assist him in doing the 
honors. The 3 Portuguese under clerks — dine 
at an earlier hour and at another table. I 
never saw a table better provided for or better 
waited upon — by six Chinese servants sur- 
passing any I have seen in the U.S. 

The sensation of awakening for the first 
time in a strange place is usually a disagree- 
able one with me, — there is an unfamiliar 
newness of everything around and an absence 
of Old Associations, and it has caused me to 
feel, ever since I have arrived, very blue, but 
think I shall feel differently when I become 
acquainted with the manners and customs of 
the place. 

The mosquitoes never seem to tire of me, 
and despise such proverbs as " Too much of a 
good thing " or " Enough is as good as a 
feast," — even now while I am writing I am 
duly armed with a towel whirling round my 
head — whack, whack, — to keep off the tor- 
mentors. You can imagine what quantity of 


resolution and perseverance — whack, whack, 
— I take to pen you these lines. 

I have made several visits outside the Fac- 
tory walls to the Chinese shops, and found a 
great many interesting things. I visited a por- 
trait room, and saw some very fine paintings 
and portraits — the Chinese are considered 
fine copyists 1 and copy a picture, or take a 
portrait very faithfully. I heard a story of one 
of them, — A lady was having her portrait 
drawn ; as the work proceeded she expressed 
her strong disapprobation at the performance. 
" S'pose," said the painter, " you smile a little, 
he lookee better " — 't was useless, for when 
the pigeon — (difficult for the Chinese to pro- 
nounce business, and they substitute the Anglo- 
Chinese) — was done, her indignation was so 
great and so disagreeably expressed that the 
irritated artist exclaimed, " If handsome face 
no got, how handsome can make ? " 

The effect of seeing the better class of 
Chinese, the Brokers, who are dressed in pure 

1 Mr. Blaney later commissioned a Chinese artist to make 
for him a portrait of Lady Blessington. This painting is 
now in the possession of his son, Mr. Dwight Blaney, of 


white dresses reaching to the ground, is very- 
singular, and they might be taken for monkeys, 
but for the different locality of their tails' ori- 

I have not seen any of the Chinese Ladies, 
but have passed them in their covered chairs 
or Palanquins. They live entirely excluded 
from foreign eyes. They have a queer habit 
on retiring to rest, of softening their nails in 
warm water, and then winding round their 
wrists to prevent being injured. 

The men and women are great opium smok- 
ers, but the upper class here smoke in secret — 
just as many an old lady at home takes a quiet 
Cordial, and throws the blame of a consequent 
red nose upon the effects of the Sun. 

It may be interesting to you for me to note 
the 10 commandments of the Buddhists — the 
Chinese principal religion — the first five being 
obligatory upon the people — the last five upon 
the priesthood only. 

1st — Do not kill animals. 
2nd — Do not steal. 
3rd — Do not commit adultery. 
4th — Do not tell lies. 


5th — Do not drink ardent spirits. 
6th — Do not rise before daylight. 
7th — Do not eat anything from midday 

till past midnight. 
8th — Do not sleep on a place more than 

one cubit high. 
9th — Do not anoint your body with frag- 
rant oil or powder. 
10th — Do not look at a female, nor at 

theatrical exhibitions. 
The "Samuel Russell" will probably leave 
Whampoa, 12 miles below Canton — on the 
1st of July, and I find the time very short as 
I am very busy, and must leave out consider- 
able which I wish to write you, and will post- 
pone it till some future occasion. 

This, Dear Sally, I send you thinking it 
might be interesting, or for future reference ; 
you will no doubt find some difficulty in mak- 
ing out some of this writing, but if you come 
across any tough words, skip them and jump 
at conclusions. 

Tell George I want him to be sure and write 
me every chance he can get — he must not be 
fearful of writing too large a one, as the ex- 


pense by vessel is nothing, and he had better 
take all parcels to Geo. Patten in South Mar- 
ket St., as he has kindly offered to forward any 
packages to me by first vessel. 

I trust that you and the rest will not forget 
to write me occasionally, and keep me posted 
up in the current events of the day. 

Capt. Bradbury, 1 I am sorry to find, does 
not come here from California, but goes to 
Shanghae — Therefore do not expect to see 
him this voyage. 

I shall keep up a regular correspondence with 
Joseph and hope soon to hear from or see him. 
I wrote you from Anjer and left it to be sent 
by the first vessel bound home. And also to 
Joseph Whitney — (shall write to him again) 
and also to Geo. Patten from here. 

Tell Mother I will send her the present I 
promised in time for the warm weather next 
summer, as if I sent it now it would not reach 
her till Oct., and would not be of service then. 

Give my regards to Molly and the rest of 

1 Captain Bradbury was one of the old captains in the 
China trade, and commanded the N. B. Palmer for one voy- 
age. Later he was a commander in the Pacific Mail Steam- 
ship Company for many years. 


the gals — and tell them I will send a " Cum- 
shaw'* — present — one of these days, and also 
to Boh Bob if he is a good boy. 

My regards to David — William — Charles 
and George, and should be pleased to receive 
a line from them at any time. 

Tell Abby I should not be surprised to see 
her boy grown up and out this way before I 
come back ! — 

In short give my regards to all enquiring 
friends, and apologize on account of abrupt 
departure to those whom I failed to call upon. 

By this same conveyance shall write a line 
to Father. 

From your affectionate Brother, 


As it is impossible for you to send "Spry" to 
me at present, I hope soon to have him with 
me as those kind of dogs are a great prize here. 
Ask. if agreeable, to send a wag of his tail, 
and give him an extra bone to polish at my 

I have just opened a keg Cranberries which 
was sent out by Mr. Wolcott in the " Samuel 


Russell" to Mr. Sehwermann — The water had 
leaked out and they were consequently de- 
stroyed. It was unfortunate, as they would 
have been a great treat here. 

Please excuse the horrid state in which I 
send this, but I am much pressed for time and 
cannot copy it. 

22 days to the Line. 

50 " " " Cape Good Hope. 

64 " " St. Paul's. 

77 " " Anjer. 

92 " " Hong-Kong. 





February 18, 1853 

LEFT Shanghae in a Chinese fast boat in 
company with Saml. Robertson, Esq., and 
J. Lord, Jr., for the ship "Mandarin" which 
had gone down to Wosung the day previous. 
About a mile from Wosung finding Mr. Lord 
slightly tinged with the blues, Mr. R. called 
his boat alongside and he and myself got into 
it leaving Mr. L. alone, stretched in an arm 
chair with an inclination to sleep. Soon after 
going on board Mr. R.'s boat, his boy spread 
a clean napkin upon the bed, with cold mutton 
chops, Beer, etc. of which we partook ; our ap- 
petites being nicely set. At 1\ o'clk arrived 
at Wosung, and went on board the Opium Ship 
" Science " Capt. Roundy, whom we found on 


board together with C. W. Orne, and C. M. 
Moulton, Esqes., who had just finished their 
dinner and had been waiting for us. The wine 
was passed round, songs sung, healths drunk, 
etc. until 10 o'clk when after wishing all good- 
bye, with a pleasant and speedy Voyage in re- 
turn, started in company with S. Robertson, 
Esq., for the Ship " Mandarin " wh. lay about 
three miles below the shipping, where we ar- 
rived safe. The wind blowing very fresh ac- 
companied with Snow and Hail, Mr. R., after 
wishing me a speedy voyage, returned to the 
" Science " with a fair wind. I turned in soon 
after arriving on board and arose the next 
morning at 8 o'clk. The weather still very cold 
with an occasional squall of snow. 

At 3 p.m. at first of ebb tide made sail and 
hove up our anchors. A strong N. Wester 
blowing at 6 p.m. The Chinese pilot refusing 
to take the responsibility of going out that 
night, advised the Capt. to anchor till morning, 
but he not being so inclined, hove to, discharged 
the pilot, and started again to go outside ; but 
at 8 o'clk finding it very dark, thought it best 
to anchor. 


February 19. Hove up anchor at 6 a.m. and 
at 7, passed out by Gutzlaff and between the 
Islands, weather very cold, strong N.W. wind. 

February 20. Lat. 30.31 ; Long. 122.32 ; 
Strong N.W. wind and very cold; made this 
24 hours, 12 knots an hour. Chinese New 

February 21. Lat. 27.07 ; Long. 121.07. 
Wind still blowing strong from the N.W. At 
4 p.m. passed a bark sunk with all her masts 
standing, 4 or 5 ft. above water, supposed to 
have sunk recently. 

February 22. Sunday. Wind changed to 
the N.E. and blowing fresh, the Air feeling 
much warmer. Washington's memory was not 
forgotten. Lat. 23.55 ; Long. 118.15. 

February 23. Lat. 21.30 ; Long. 115. Air 
quite warm ; at 5 p.m. passed a ship and Bk. 
The Bark passed within a pistol shot. At 8 
a.m. saw a ship standing across our bows ; sup- 
posed to be a whaler bound for Hong Kong. 
An hour after she was hull down astern. At 
noon we were within 65 miles of H. Kong. 

February 2fy. Arose at daylight, went on 
deck and took a salt water bath. The first I 


had seen of salt water for 6 months. The bath 
was truly delicious. Dressed in thin flannels 
and summer clothes. The thermometer had 
risen the last five days 60 degrees — and quite 
a contrast to what it then was at Shanghae. 

February 25. Lat. 15.40 ; Long. 113.28. 
This noon find we are about 1200 miles from 
Shanghae, having averaged since we left about 
200 miles. 

Wind very light from the N.E. 

February 26. Arose at Sunrise and took a 
salt water bath on deck ; weather very fine 
with light winds ; saw large schools flying fish ; 
Capt. Stoddard complaining of a sick head- 
ache. I am very much pleased with him ; think 
him a very gentlemanly man, kind to his men 
and tries to make every one comfortable around 
him. The passengers who came out with him 
the last voyage are very much pleased with 
him and he also with them ; particularly with 
Miss Lydia Nye of Fairhaven, Mass., and Mrs. 
Gideon Nye, Jr. The names of the other pas- 
sengers were Rev. Mr. Washburn, an Episco- 
palian, settled in Newburyport, Mr. Geo. Mun- 
roe, Jr., formerly a broker in Exchange St., 


Boston, with his wife and two children and 
Miss Linsley of Washington, second cousin of 
Danl. Webster. Also two servant girls, one of 
whom died ten days after her arrival in Shang- 
hae, of consumption ; from a cold contracted 
on Shipboard. Mr. Washburn, Mrs. G. Nye, 
Jr., and Mrs. Munroe are brother and sisters, 
and children of Abiel Washburn, Esq., Dry 
Goods Merchant of Boston. Mr. Washburn 
was a man about 32 years of age and was a 
jolly parson ; he had presided over a congre- 
gation in Newburyport about seven years and 
possessed no property but a salary from the So- 
ciety of $800. As his sisters were coming out 
to China and he being tired of his society, Mr. 
Gideon Nye, Jr., who is wealthy, offered to 
pay all his expenses out and home overland 
through Egypt if he would join them, which 
he concluded to do. During the passage out 
and for want of something to employ his leisure 
was very attentive to Miss Linsley and before 
he arrived out proposed to her and was ac- 
cepted. This was kept secret at Shanghae as 
Miss L. did not wish her Aunt Mrs. P. Parker 
at Canton to be informed of it, as Mrs. Parker 


imported her from the States and intended her 
for Mr. Moore. 

About three weeks after the arrival of the 
party they all took passage for Macao in the 
Bark " Antelope," Capt. Potter ; but just 
previous to sailing the Rev. at a supper given 
by Capt. Endicott of the Opium Ship " Snipe " 
at Wosung happened to get " how came you 
so " over a glass of old " Jamaica " and blew 
the whole affair of the engagement ; this was 
" Nuts " for the people in Shanghae and a 
story in China never loses strength by Circu- 
lation. Capt. Stoddard says the Rev. was a 
talented man and a jolly companion and no 
more use as a Christian than a " towline in a 
ten knot breeze " ; Steward says he would 
drink his " three fingers six times a day." One 
can judge of the quantities of wines and liquors 
drank coming out, by the extra bill for those 
alone, paid at Shanghae, amounting to $400. 

Mr. Geo. Munroe goes out to Nye, Parkin 
& Co., Canton, as clerk, but Capt. S. thinks it 
doubtful if Mr. M. stays there more than a 

February 29. Sunday. Lat. 09.07 ; Long. 


110. — Last night it being very warm slept 
on the house and was very comfortable. At 4 
a.m. a breeze sprung up from the N.E. and at 
11 a.m. was going 9 knots. Made this day 81 
miles, passed a quantity of floating wood and 
weeds, and shellfish. Saw a live Crab floating 
on a piece of wood and bound North, probably 
to Canton to celebrate the Chinese New Year. 
March 1. Lat. 6.18; Long. 109.06 first 
day of Spring. Thermometer 85 degrees. At 
1 p.m. a slight shower. After Tea this even- 
ing Capt. Stoddard related me a circumstance 
which happened when he was in the Ship 
"Carrington," John Brown & Co's Ship, Lewis 
Whf. (Mr. Brown was lost in the "Lexing- 
ton ") Capt. Robt. Soule and Mr. Scholfield 
partners — Capt. Stoddard was sent out by 
them to China from England, with a credit of 
£100,000 on Baring, Bros. & Co. London, 
and was instructed by them to purchase Car- 
goes of Teas for three Ships for the U.S. Soon 
after Capt. S. left England, a ship arrived 
from China (there being no overland mails 
then) bringing the account of disastrous prices 
for Tea then ruling ; in consequence of which 


Baring, Bros. & Co., sent out a yacht to China 
to annul the Letter of credit but did not arrive 
until Capt. S. had left although he stopped at 
Manila several days. Upon Capt. S's arrival in 
Manila was consigned to Paine, Strieker & 
Co., and from Mr. Gordon Reed (one of the 
partners) he learned of the state of the Tea 
Market in China. He at once saw ruin staring 
in the faces of the Owners by following their 
instructions in purchasing the three cargoes. 
He shew Mr. Reed his instructions and asked 
his advice ? but Mr. R. saw no possible way 
to evade them, there it was written in full 
" to purchase three cargoes of Tea at the most 
favorable prices " and at the same time he saw 
that if he did follow their instructions it would 
be at a sacrifice in the U.S. to the owners of 
$300,000 : He did not know what to do ; he 
was at his wit's end, and almost distracted ; 
but at last concluded to take the responsibility 
and send home two of the ships from Manila 
with Sugar and Hemp and proceed with his 
own Ship to Canton where he found the state 
of the market much worse than the accounts 
were at Manila. He called upon David Jardine 


for his advice in the matter and he told him 
he could see no possible way to avoid his in- 
structions, but tol$ him " it was a dead ruin if 
he sent Teas at that time to the U.S." Finally 
Capt. S. concluded to take still more responsi- 
bility and send the ship home in Ballast. 
Meanwhile Messrs. Brown & Co. were in a 
deplorable state knowing that Capt. S. had 
his written instructions to purchase those Teas 
and would not dare to do differently, Mr. 
Brown being in England at the time would 
ask Mr. Bates of Baring, Bros. & Co. what he 
thought Capt. S. would do? he told him he 
could not do differently than to buy the Tea. 
Mr. Brown was in Boston when Capt. S. ar- 
rived and expected of course to find himself 
ruined, but when Capt. S. told him he had not 
purchased a lb. of tea it was a joyful time for 
all interested, and what was still better, the 
two cargoes of Hemp and Sugar paid a profit, 
and one of them 120,000. 

March 2. Lat. 4.16 N. Long. 108.46 very 
little wind today and very warm. At noon had 
a shower of rain. By the Chronometer found 
we were only 30 miles N.E. Great Natunas 


but owing to a thick fog, was not visible. At 
8 bells saw a clipper barque beating to the 
Northward. Supposed to be the " Race Horse " 1 
from Bombay. At Sundown passed Flat Island 
where the " Mary Ellen," Capt. Dearborn, was 
lost three years ago. 

March 3. Lat. 2.52 Long. 108.10 Wind 
nearly calm. Since noon we had been on the 
lookout for Gt. Natunas, although we were by 
observation only 30 miles from it, and 2 p.m. 
steered directly for it and the mate (Mr. Han- 
son) was directed to get one of the anchors 
over the bow and " light up " 50 fathoms chain. 
At 5 o'clk could just discern the mountain 
upon the Island, which before was not visible 
owing to the fog. At Sundown the Island bore 
directly W. 

March 4- At daylight could just discern the 
mountain astern of us and Low Island on the 
Starboard bow, so called from it being much 
lower than the other Islands around it, although 
it was a high land extending about two degrees 

1 " Bark Racehorse, — 512 tons, owned by Goddard & 
Co., Boston, built by Sam'l Hall at East Boston " (see also 


North and South sloping evenly to the water 
on both sides. At 4 p.m. came up with Tam- 
belan Islands. A rock about 15 miles North of 
the island rises two hundred ft. from the water, 
of the size of a ship, separated in two nearly to 
the water's edge, by a large gap from which the 
rock takes its name. At noon passed the Tambe- 
lan Island and about Sundown Green Island 
bore West. Our course was South. The Borneo 
Coast was distinctly visible nearly all day. 

March 5. At 4 a.m. St. Barbe bore N.W. 
distance 20 miles — run this day 103 miles. 
At 5 a.m. passed Belvedere Shoal where about 
5 years since the Eng. Ship "Staffordshire" 
struck. She was from Shanghae with a cargo 
of Silk and Tea valued at a million and a half 
dollars. Soon after she struck the Ship " Gen. 
Harrison" from Boston for Manila hove in 
sight and took off all the Officers and Crew. 
The Capt. of the "Staffordshire" told the 
Capt. of the " G.H " what a valuable cargo he 
had on board and as he had abandoned her, 
advised him to anchor within a | of a mile and 
fill his ship which was in ballast, with at least 
the bales of raw Silk as there was at least 


$800,000 worth, and his salvage would be | of 
^ of the whole Value ; his Owners receiving the 
other | ; but he refused, as he said he should 
lose his character if he should stop for any of 
the cargo and should happen to get on shore 
before he arrived at Manila. He was blamed 
very much by the merchants of Manila for not 
filling his ship with her Cargo, as it would have 
netted his owners at least $400,000. As soon 
as it was made known at Manila, a vessel 
started for the Wreck but found she had en- 
tirely broken up. At sunrise the faint outlines 
of Gaspar Island could be seen and as we were 
running with a free wind 6 knots, by daylight 
were within 15 miles of it on our starboard 
bow. This is the Island where Capt. Gordon 
landed from the "Memnon" 1 on Pulo Leat. 
About 15 miles S.W. of the Island is a Shoal 
on which Capt. Gordon ran the "Paul Jones" 2 

1 " The Memnon, 1068 tons, owned by Warren Delano, 
was built by Smith & Dimon in 1848." She was " the only 
clipper ship to make the voyage to San Francisco prior to 
1850, . . . under Captain George Gordon." 

2 " The Paul Jones, of 620 tons, built by Waterman & 
Elwell at Medford in 1842, was owned by John H. Forbes 
and Russell & Co. of China. ... In 1848 this ship made 
the run from Java Head to New York in 76 days." 


four years ago, but succeeded in getting her off 
after throwing overboard | of her cargo. Be- 
tween Gaspar Island and the Hammocks at 
equal distance lies a rock about twice the length 
of a ship and upon each end a tree, which can 
be seen long before the rock is in view and 
which, as Capt. Stoddard says, have stood as 
long as the rock has been known. About a 
mile off the Southern end of Gaspar Island is 
a large rock connecting with the main land by 
a reef of rocks. Close in by this rock by the 
aid of a glass I could distinctly see a number of 
Malay Proas or boats which were probably filled 
with Malay Pirates waiting for some unfortu- 
nate Ship which was becalmed. It may have 
been fortunate for us we were going 8 knots. 
A few miles to the leeward of us is a shoal 
where Capt. Dumaresq ran the " Akbar" 1 as 
he was beating down in company with an Eng- 
lish Ship, and succeeded in getting off with the 
loss of his keel. At 8 a.m. was abreast of the 

1 " . . . the Akbar, a ship of 650 tons, built by Samuel 
Hall in East Boston in 1839, for John M. Forbes, and others, 
. . . Later, she was commanded by Captain Philip Dumaresq, 
who made a number of rapid passages in her to and from 


Hammocks on the Island of Banca (where the 
celebrated Tin is produced) in Gaspar Straits, 
and an hour after entered Macclesfield Straits. 
March 6. At 10 a.m. was abreast of Pulo 
Leat and could distinctly see the spot where 
Capt. Gordon ran " Memnon " ashore four 
months since. He was beating down through 
the Straits and was warned by his mate Mr. 
Fisher that he was standing too near in shore, 
and Capt. G.'s reply was, " he knew his busi- 
ness " — ten minutes after she struck. Capt. 
G. found it was impossible to get her off, and 
he with his wife and crew took to the boats — 
(the Malay pirates swarming up one side while 
they were going over the other,) — and started 
for Gaspar Island which lay 25 miles north. 
The next day Mr. Fisher (mate) with one of 
the boats and a pair of sails with part of the 
crew started for Singapore bearing N.W. dis- 
tance 300 miles. The first days run was 156 
miles and two days after arrived at Singapore 
where he reported the loss of the " Memnon." 
A vessel was sent for Capt. Gordon but he had 
put off 8 days after Mr. Fisher in the other 
boat for a ship which was coming down through 


the straits bound for Singapore where he and 
his wife and crew arrived without any further 
accident. By the following mail Capt. G and 
wife started overland to Boston where they 
belonged. This Island Pulo Leat has been the 
cause of a great many shipwrecks. It stands 
directly in the Centre of the passage through 
which a 5 knot current is constantly running, 
changing its direction once in six months with 
the Monsoon. The passage is about two miles 
wide and bounded on the opposite side by shoals. 
Two Frigates were also lost upon this Island a 
few years since, (one English and one French) 
named the " Alceste" and "Amelia." At noon 
we were fairly in the Java Sea and at sundown 
the Islands in and around Gaspar Straits were 
out of sight astern. This p.m. saw a large snake 
swimming on top of the water, which are nu- 
merous in this sea. 

March 7. Sunday. At 4 a.m. passed two 
ships supposed to belong to the Dutch Com- 
pany, at anchor. They are instructed by this 
Company if the wind is ahead always to an- 
chor and not attempt to pass through the 
Straits of Sunda. At daybreak two rocks 


called the Brothers which lay at the entrance of 
the Straits of Sunda, " hove in sight," and also 
the coast of Sumatra which lay about 14 miles 
westward. "We could distinctly see the trees 
upon the Coast, and long before daylight a fine 
perfume came off the land which was delicious. 
We sailed all this forenoon with a fine 8 knot 
breeze, and by noon expected to see boats 
filled with fruit coming from off the shore. 
This was our only chance of getting any stock 
here as the Underwriters do not allow ships to 
anchor at Anjer during the N. West Monsoon 
(between Sept. and April) and also at the 
Cape of Good Hope from Apl. to Sept. as 
during those periods strong winds blow di- 
rectly on shore and ships would be in great 
danger of dragging their Anchors. If a ship 
was lost the Underwriters would be liable, but 
at the same time the Captain would be cen- 
sured. At 8 bells two boats were seen putting 
off for us and at two bells we sat down to 
dinner expecting the bananas and oranges fresh 
from Java, by the time we were ready for our 
dessert. At 2 p.m. we were within five miles 
of Anjer and 40 of Batavia ; and were boarded 


by two boats from Anjer manned by five or six 
Malays in each and filled with all kinds of 
tropical fruits and birds ; such as Mangosteens, 
Mangoes, Oranges, Limes, Bananas, Plantains, 
Cocoa Nuts, Yams, Sweet Potatoes, Parrots, 
Paroquets, Minors, Sparrows, Peacocks, etc., I 
purchased a Minor, 6 Paroquets, and 20 Java 
Sparrows for two dollars, but found a day or 
two after the Minor required too much atten- 
tion and gave him to one of the Crew. The 
Captain purchased a few piculs of Yams, Sweet 
Potatoes, and added a few dozen of Java fowl 
to our present Shanghae lot. They were full 
size but very small and a dozen would hardly 
make sufficient breakfast for three persons. 
After remaining along side a couple of hours 
the ship going all the time six knots the Ma- 
lays cast off a moment before a rain squall 
struck and were shut out from our view. As 
soon as the squall passed over, it left us be- 
calmed and entirely at the mercy of the current, 
which was setting us down through the Straits 
of Sunda, and towards a large rock on the edge 
of the Channel, the east side of which connects 
with the Island called " Thawt the Way " by a 


reef covered in some places by only 17 feet of 
water ; our ship drawing 15 ft. 8. Towards this 
rock and reef a four knot current was setting 
us, and for an hour there was considerable 
anxiety on board of the Ship for our safety. 
By the chart we knew there was no anchorage 
short of Seventy fathoms except close in to this 
reef, and we were fearful the current would set 
us where there was less water than we drew. 
Within the last ten years several ships had 
touched upon this reef and two of them belong- 
ing to a Boston house, John Brown & Co. — 
and drawing less water than our ship ; one of 
them taking a piece of the reef weighing 133 
lbs. home with her. But we fortunately passed 
over without touching. At 7 o'clk p.m. we were 
exactly opposite Anjer and were again boarded 
by three Malay boats filled with live stock, etc., 
part of which the Capt. purchased. When the 
boats came along side the leader jumped on 
board with his book in which the name of every 
vessel that passes is placed together with any 
information which might be of benefit to ves- 
sels following. I noticed the "Flying Cloud" 
had passed a few days before us, 6 days from 


Hong Kong which is the shortest passage by 6 
days on record. This same vessel sailed from New 
York to San Francisco in 89 days, the quickest 
trip ever made from port to port. 1 I noticed the 
" Lantao " Capt. Bradbury passed 30 Octo. 27 
days from Shanghae, and with his memoran- 
dum of 5 piculs Sweet Potatoes, 5 piculs yams 
and 2 dozen fowls — The" Oriental " 27 days, 
"Tartar " 12 days, " Adelaide " 17 days, and 
our own ship "Mandarin" 17 days, all from 

March 8. Becalmed all day wdthin sight of 
Anjer off Cockatoa Island, a beautiful pyra- 
midal shaped hill, the summit of which is fre- 
quently obscured by clouds half way to its base. 

March 9. At daylight Cockatoa still in sight 
and bearing North. Lat. 6.10; Long. 105.20. 
Strong currents setting into the Straits. At 8 
p.m. Cockatoa bearing N.E. by N. distance 10 

March 10. Lat. 6.43 ; Long. 104.30. At 
4 p.m. Cockatoa bearing east by north. Princes 

1 The record of the Flying Cloud, quoted above, was made 
in 1851, and in 1854 she duplicated her earlier performance. 
The Andrew Jackson, in 1860, was the only other clipper 
ship to equal this record. 


Island S.S. East. At noon by observation 45 
miles from Java. Light winds. . . . 

March 11. Lat. 7.30; Long. 102.21. Fine 
breeze from the South East, with studding sails 
all set. 

March lJf. Sunday. Lat. 11 ; Long. 92.25 
— frequent rain squalls — made 216 nils. On 
Sunday the men are left entirely to their own 
inclinations; the greater portion of them are 
sitting round forward, and upon the forecastle, 
dressed in white and blue pantaloons, clean 
shirts, etc., some are reading, others are spin- 
ning long yarns, or playing with monkeys and 
birds. Occasionally Jacko would cause a laugh 
among the Crew, by some of his pranks, but 
the merriment could scarcely be heard aft, and 
all were aware that the Captain respected the 
Sabbath, and though indulgent, would not al- 
low any unnecessary noise or bustle. One Sun- 
day afternoon Jacko was amusing the boys at 
the expense of the black Cook, by lying in wait 
for him over his galley, and whenever he made 
his appearance dropping some article upon his 
head and escaping to the rigging beyond his 
reach and rage. This afternoon I speak of, the 


wind was blowing very fresh and Jacko was 
upon the top of the galley with a large board 
ready to launch upon his victim, the poor Cook, 
between whom there had been existing a mortal 
enmity. But the Cook was equally upon the 
watch and armed with a dipper of hot water, 
had his eye upon Jacko when he little thought 
it. Suddenly the Cook jumped out of the lee 
side of the galley and threw the hot water at 
Jacko with a most malicious spirit and deter- 
mination, but Jacko was too quick for him. Up 
flew the board as a shield and back flew the 
hot water into the Cook's face which made him 
curse and swear like a " Davy Crockett " at 
being foiled by a monkey. But Jacko was not 
to be bluffed off. He seemed determined to get 
a lick at the Cook's head before he left his post. 
By this time all hands had congregated around 
the galley to witness the sport, and encouraged 
the Combatants with roars of laughter. The 
Captain and niyself were upon the quarter deck 
where we could distinctly see the whole perform- 
ance. The Cook now armed himself with an- 
other dipper full of scalding hot water, and, as 
" Titus Andronicus " says in the play, " Yenge- 


ance is in his heart and Death in his hand," 
mounted a cask on the weather side and aimed 
the whole contents at Jacko's body, but missed 
him again, for the monkey saw him in time and 
dodged, and the poor Carpenter who was stand- 
ing on the other side of the galley with his 
neck stretched out at full length and on tiptoe, 
and enjoying the fun, received the whole con- 
tents in his bosom. This was too much for the 
Cook and he darted up on to the galley armed 
with a huge cudgel, and with one blow stretched 
Jacko flat and apparently lifeless ; but he soon 
recovered himself and ever after gave the Cook 
and Galley a wide berth. 

March 18. Lat. 16.32 ; Long. 78.08 At 10 
a.m. the wind died away to a calm. At 3 p.m. 
signs of a squall from the South East, sails 
reduced to reefed topsails and mainsail, At 1 
past 3 the squall struck accompanied with rain. 
The stanchion supporting the wheel awning was 
carried away, and came down upon the head of 
the man at the wheel. This was a very severe 
squall and the rain came down with great vio- 
lence and lasted till 6 p.m. when the Sun set 
clear. Thermometer fell from 84 degrees to 76 


degrees. At 6i shook the reefs out of the top- 
sails and set the spanker. Ship going 11 knots. 
Capt. Stoddard much troubled with the ery- 
sipelas which has broken out today all over his 
head and body. This p.m. is so bad as to scarcely 
see. He is a religious man and reads his chap- 
ter in the Bible every morning and evening. 
Is an agreeable companion and I am very much 
pleased with him. 

March 19. Light winds all the forenoon. 
A squall came on just before 12 o'clock. No 
observation. At li o'clk a very severe rain 
squall struck us and it seemed as though 100,000 
cisterns had burst above. At one time there 
was six inches of water upon the decks, and 
when the ship lurched to leeward it sounded 
like a cataract. Some of the men rubbed them- 
selves over with soap and in a few moments 
were perfectly white with foam. 

March 20. Lat. 18.35 ; Long. 73.56. Light 
winds aU day. Made only 93 miles. At 2 p.m. 
had a heavy rain squall from the N.N.E. This 
P.M. one of the men harpooned a " Bonito " 
under the bows — and the next morning: had 
him served up fried for breakfast. It was truly 


delicious. When taken, it much resembled a 
large Mackerel and was about the size of a full 
grown Haddock. Today the steward gave us a 
Clam Chowder for dinner. It was very nice but 
did not taste as good as I have tasted at home. 

March 21. Sunday. Lat. 19.43 ; Long. 
71.55 — made 126 miles. Light winds and fine 
weather. Had a heavy rain squall last night. 
" Jacko's fat all in the fire today." While his 
friend the Cook was boiling doughnuts, Jacko 
would dive into the galley while his back was 
turned, and run off with some, which the Cook 
noticed and laid a trap for him. He took off 
the kettle from the fire with the fat simmering 
hot, placed it outside where Jacko could see it, 
leaving a solitary doughnut swimming upon the 
surface. No sooner had he turned his back 
when Jacko pounced upon it. Fire and Furies ! 
did n't he scream ? while the Cook roared with 
laughter till his opened mouth looked like a 
thrown back Chaise top. Poor Jacko did not 
get over that scald for several days and I 
really believe the cook freely forgave him for 
all the tricks he had cut upon him. 

March 22. Lat. 20.36 ; Long. 70 degrees. 


Made 120 miles — been going along this 
morning only five knots and very little prospect 
of getting home in 90 days. This noon find we 
are three thousand miles from the Cape Good 
Hope. At 4 p.m. saw a large English ship ten 
miles off our larboard beam and standing for 
us. She had no studding sails or royals set, and 
evidently had encountered bad weather off the 
Cape. She was probably bound for Calcutta, or 
some of the other ports in India. As soon as 
she came up within 5 or 6 miles of us she ran 
up her English Ensign, and we answered her 
with the Stars and Stripes. She then hauled 
down her ensign and hoisted up her numbers, 
but as we had none of Marryat's Signals 
could not find out her name or inform her of 
ours. I took a memorandum of her signals to 
report at St. Helena. We hoisted our name 
which was sewed in large blue letters on a 
white ground but think it doubtful if they 
could read it. Two hours later, a squall shut 
her from our sight. 

March 23. Lat. 21.34 ; South. — Long. 
67.42 East. Last night experienced a severe 
rain squall, but this morning the sun rose 


bright and unclouded. Last night saw the 
moon, which was two days old, go down about 
seven o'clock. The sun crossed the Equator 
on the 20th inst. and the two occurrences of the 
Sun and Moon happening so close together the 
Captain thought betokened unusually strong 
winds at the Cape. Made today 131 miles. 

March 2Jf Fine breeze and pleasant weather, 
with studding sails out on both sides. 

Lat. 22.58 South — Long. 65.26 — 33 days 
out — made this day 158 miles. 

March 29. Lat. 25.32. Long. 55.07 made 
159 miles. Studding sails set on both sides. 

April 3. Lat. 28.16 — Long. 43.12 — made 
184 miles. 

At daylight saw an English ship astern, 
probably from Calcutta, and another ship off 
the lee bow. Both standing the same course 
with us. We had been sailing close-hauled, the 
ship astern had been sailing with the wind free. 
As soon as she came within four miles of us, 
she hauled close on the wind. The ship to the 
Leeward of us at daylight had her top gallant 
sails and royals furled, but at 7 o'clk had all 
sails set. At 8 a.m. altered our course from 


S.W. by West, to West | South. At 9 
o'clk the wind moderated to 6 knots. Had been 
going 9 knots all night. We are now about 
100 miles south of Cape St. Mary, on Mada- 

April 4' Sunday. At 8 a.m. nearly a calm. 
One ship was about three miles astern of us, 
the other on the lee bow about 5 miles, both 
apparently English Ships from Calcutta. I 
was in hopes we should be close to them at 
daylight, so as to board them and get a few 
papers, as they would most likely have a later 
mail than ourselves, and also attend service 
which English ships are obliged to have at 
sea, by Law, when a certain number of men 
are onboard. At 8| o'clk we set our ensign in 
answer to the ship on the lee bow. Soon after 
she altered her course with the evident wish to 
speak us. At 1 p.m. we are becalmed and 4 
miles distant from one of the ships and 6 from 
the other. 

They are both large Ships and resemble those 
belonging to Green & Co., of London, who are 
the largest ship owners in the world. Brockle- 
bank of Liverpool is owner of more ships than 


Green & Co. but not so many Tons. At 6 p.m. 
a strong north west breeze sprang up. At 9 
p.m. the ship astern was out of sight and the 
other abeam. We are going 9 knots although 
sharp on the wind. 

April 5. At daylight wind blowing a gale 
from the South West with a very heavy sea 
from the same direction. Both of the ships out 
of sight astern. At 10 a.m. the wind still blow- 
ing a gale. An effort was made to set the jib, 
but hardly had they completed, when it was 
blown to atoms, and several men were ordered 
to go out on the jib boom to take in the rem- 
nants, in doing which one of the men, named 
Aleck, fell overboard. Several men with the 
Captain and mate were upon the jib boom and 
forecastle at the time, and saw him fall. In- 
stantly the Cry was raised of " Man-overboard !" 
The thrill and terror of those words at Sea, 
and in a Gale of wind can better be imagined 
than described. I had an attack of sea sick- 
ness that morning and was lying on the tran- 
som in the after cabin when the cry was raised. 
I rushed upon deck and found every one in the 
greatest excitement and everything in confu- 


sion. Capt. Stoddard was yelling his orders 
" to hard down the helm " and swinging his 
arms wildly to enforce his commands, but never 
does Jack work more willingly than when one 
of his ship mates is in danger. Although we 
were going 9 knots, owing to the head sea, she 
refused to come about. He then tried to wear, 
but she refused to do either. At the first cry, 
Mr. Hanson, the mate, rushed aft, and cut 
adrift the life preserver which had fortunately 
been lashed over the rail astern in case of 
emergency. Although the man was some ways 
astern, and burdened with his thick boots, he 
swam about the length of the ship to the life 
preserver, and fortunately succeeded in reach- 
ing it. The Captain, finding it impossible to 
put the ship about, or wear, ordered the top- 
sails to be backed, as the man could be seen 
from the top of the quarter rail, about a mile 
astern. Meanwhile some of the men were get- 
ting out one of the Life Boats from the top of 
the house. After some difficulty in getting it 
over the side and down into the water, there 
being great danger of staving it to pieces by 
the heavy sea running, two men with the 2nd 


mate got into it and pushed off. The man was 
then about a \ mile * off, nearly astern, and I 
could with difficulty keep track of him. Now 
he would be upon the top of a high wave, and 
then for several moments lost to view in the 
hollow of the sea. After rowing about ten min- 
utes and expecting every moment to see the 
boat fill, they succeeded in reaching the man 
and getting him on board the boat, and brought 
him safely on board the ship. It was a very 
narrow escape for the poor fellow, and had it 
been in the night time, it would have been im- 
possible to save him. Upon attempting to walk 
after we had got him on deck, he found his leg 
pained him, and it was with difficulty he could 
use it. When he fell he went down head first 
and caught his leg upon one of the bowsprit 
stays. Although his leg was scraped and bruised 
very badly, it was not considered dangerous. 
Just before the boat reached him a large Al- 
batross, which had been hovering over his head, 
lit upon the water within a few feet of him, 

1 There seems to be a discrepancy in the matter of the 
distance between the ship and the man overboard ; — the 
text of the manuscript is followed as written. 


and when the boat came up he started with a 
scream at being deprived of an anticipated 
meal. The day before this occurrence, Aleck 
and Frank had an angry tussle together and 
had not spoken to each other since ; but when 
Aleck fell overboard Frank was the first to 
jump into the boat to save him, and came aft 
for several days afterwards to get medicine and 
salve for him. Lat. 29.05 ; Long 39.48. 

The Gale continued all day, and the sea ran 
very high. I have heard of the sea running 
mountains high, and have had a curiosity to 
see it in its most angry state. No where in the 
world does the Sea run so high as at the Cape 
of Good Hope, and never have I seen it more 
than 12 or 15 feet high as near as I could 
judge. Capt. Stoddard says the height of the 
highest wave on record, measured from the 
shore, is 15 feet from the level of the water ; 
not measuring the hollow. 

April 6. Lat. 29.54 ; Long. 37.32 — made 
160 miles. Strong gales with a head sea. At 
sundown wind moderated, and set all the stud- 
ding sails. 46 days out. 

April 7. Lat. 31.28; Long. 33.46 — made 


225 miles. Strong N.W. wind. This day was 
a disagreeable one. The ship pitched and 
plunged bows under, and it was with difficulty 
I could keep my feet. At our meals we were 
obliged to hold on with one hand and eat with 
the other. Now and then a dish of something 
would fetch away, and bring up in the lap or 
bosom of one of us. At midnight the wind sud- 
denly changed to the West and blew as it had 
from the N. West. 

April 8. Today we make but very little 
progress as we are jammed hard on the wind. 
Soon after breakfast we saw a large ship on 
our lee bow, standing on the opposite tack. 
She like ourselves was bound round the Cape. 
At noon we tacked to the North, and at 4 p.m. 
was abreast of her about three miles to the lee- 
ward. She was an Eng. Ship of about 1200 
tons and heavily loaded. Lat. 33.08 ; Long. 

April 9. At noon this day we saw the coast 
of Africa, and by Chronometer, found we were 
50 miles from Buffalo River, in Lat. 32.42 ; 
Long. 29.32. Today Joe the Cowboy found 
twenty hens' eggs in the coop, which were all 


laid today. Very few farmers in New England 
can boast of a better lot of Fowls than we have 
on board. The principal part were bought in 
Shanghae, the rest in Java. We are now out 
49 days. While we were at dinner today, the 
2nd mate, Mr. Delano, hooked a shark and 
with the assistance of some of the men hauled 
him on board. He measured ten feet, which is 
much longer than they average. He was cut up 
and divided among the men. One claiming the 
back bone, another the jaw bone, and Mr. Han- 
son the fins, which, when made into a soup by 
the Chinese, is considered one of the best Man- 
darin dishes. On the voyage out, Mr. Hanson 
collected about 30 fins, and exchanged them at 
Shanghae for a chest of Tea and several pieces 
of Silk. At 3 p.m. the wind shifted to the 
South, but soon after died away calm, with a 
current from the South West setting us to- 
wards the African coast which we could see 
very plainly on our lee, distant about 30 miles. 
This part of the Coast is unsettled by foreign- 
ers, and is inhabited by savage Hottentots, 
from whom we should receive but very little 
mercy should they get us in their power. Today 


I saw a " Thrasher," the chief enemy of the 
whale. He jumped nearly his length perpendic- 
ular out of the water. I should think he was 
about 20 feet long. 

April 10. We have been becalmed nearly 
all day, with the exception of a run of 20 miles 
last night in the middle watch. The current 
close in shore, sets to the westward nearly all 
the year round. The last 24 hours we have 
made 127 miles, which shows a current in our 
favor of 107 miles. At the time of writing this, 
we are just in sight of the land, and steering 
S.S.W. with a light breeze from the South, 
and a heavy swell from the westward. By the 
chart, we are about 110 miles to the Eastward 
of Port Elizabeth, and 500 Miles from Cape 
Good Hope. This a.m., while I was aloft on 
the main topsail yard, saw a vessel directly 
ahead and apparently coming toward us. An 
hour afterwards she was abeam, and proved to 
be an English Brig, from the Cape Good Hope 
and bound to some of the ports on the African 
Coast. She was about as poor a specimen of 
an English vessel as I ever saw and looked as 
though she had been keeping company with 


the " Flying Dutchman." Her sails were in 
miserable repair and in her main top gallant 
sail was a hole large enough to put a hogshead 
through. Even her ensign, which she hoisted 
as we passed, was rent the whole length. It is 
somewhere in this vicinity that the fable of the 
" Flying Dutchman " originated. The magical 
appearance that an iceberg (which are seen 
here in Nov. and Dec.) sometimes exhibits by 
the radiance of the sun, when viewed at a con- 
siderable distance, possibly might have been 
experienced by some of the early navigators 
when passing the Cape Good Hope and there- 
by have arisen the Fable. At noon the wind 
came out from the South West and jammed us 
close on the wind. Lat. 33.59 ; Long 27.41. 
April 11. Sunday. Very squally weather all 
day with the wind ahead. Here there is a vari- 
ation from the true north, of 26 degrees west, 
in the compass, which is accounted for by the 
attraction of the earth. At New York there is 
a variation of ^ point ; at Boston of li points. 
In the China Sea there is none. Here near the 
Cape of 21 points nearly, or 26 degrees (11| 
degrees to a point). To find the true north 


from the magnetic north, when the variation is 
west, count to the left, when east to the right. 
Near an island in the Gulf of Finland the 
compass flies round and round, and in another 
part of the Gulf stands perfectly still. At the 
Island it is accounted for by the minerals and 
metals of which it is composed. This day we 
are in Lat. 35.03. Long. 25.04. 

April 12. Lat. 35.34 ; Long. 23.14. Last 
night we had squally weather with a heavy 
head sea. Shipped a heavy sea forward and 
aft at the same time, and floated everything 
about the decks, which was not lashed down. 
The noise was very heavy and sudden, and 
awoke me from a sound sleep. At the same 
time the heel of the Jib boom was carried 
away. The Steward awoke the Captain, and 
very innocently told him the heel of the "Fly- 
ing Jib " was carried away. This last 24 hours 
we made 94 miles, which distance was nearly 
all gained by the force of the current. We 
are about 260 miles from the Cape Good Hope. 

April 13. Lat. 35.11 ; Long. 22.08 — 72 
miles. Last night we were on Agulhas Banks, 
and during a calm the mate caught three fish ; 


Two Groupers and one Lance. One of the 
groupers weighed 120 A lbs. When fried for 
breakfast, and made into a chowder for dinner, 
they are delicious, and resemble the Haddock 
caught on our Coast. These fish swim on the 
bottom to avoid the sharks which are very- 
numerous on these banks, and the depth of 
the water where these fish were caught is 60 
fathoms. This a.m. the wind came out from 
the East, but with a heavy swell from the 
South west, and could make but little progress. 
By tomorrow night we are in hopes to be round 
the Cape. At sundown the wind is strong from 
the east, and sending us through the water 
10 knots an hour, and we can distinctly see 
Cape Agulhas bearing North, distant 45 

April llf. Last night the wind came out 
from the N. West and directly ahead. At noon 
today, by observation we are in Lat. 35.55 ; 
Long. 18.48 and directly south the Cape Good 
Hope, distant 85 miles. The wind still blowing 
fresh from the course we want to head. At 
sundown the wind blowing a gale, and our ship 
with the least possible sail on her. At 8 p.m. 


the wind hauled to the West. Altered our 
course to the Northward. 

April 15. Wind blowing fresh with a heavy 
head sea. At noon found we were 100 miles 
south west of the Cape, and at 8 p.m. we are 
about 80 miles directly west of the Cape with 
all larboard studding sails set, and a fresh 
breeze from the South west. This a.m. saw the 
back of a whale, and soon after saw him spout 
a column of water high as our mast head. We 
have thus far sailed 8,000 miles, and are 
about 7,000 to New York. It is estimated that 
it is about 15,000 from New York to Canton; 
2000 from Canton to Java Head — 6000 
thence to the Cape and 7000 thence to New 
York. Lat. 35.06; Long. 16.45. 

April 16. Lat. 33.22 — Long. 13.29 — We 
have had a strong breeze from the S. East all 
day, but do not expect to get the Trade winds 
from this same quarter for a day or two. We 
are rolling along finely, direct for St. Helena 
with the wind directly aft. Aleck came on 
deck today for the first time since the accident, 
and is still quite lame. One of my paroquets 
died last night from the effects of the cold, and 


have only one left which I am in hopes will 
live to get into N. Yk. They resemble a Par- 
rot, are about as large as a Sparrow, and of 
brilliant plumage. Thermometer today 40 

April 17. Lat. 31.36 ; Long. 10.12 — 1 de- 
voted nearly all this morning writing up my 
Journal, as the sea is calmer than we have had 
it for several days. The Captain is keeping 
further to the south than usual, with the hope 
of finding stronger breezes. The usual track 
for vessels bound across the Equator, is about 
150 miles to the North, and steer directly for 
St. Helena, but as he does not intend to stop 
he has adopted the above course. 

April 18. Sunday. Is cloudy all day and 
cannot get the Sun. Took a Lunar in the after- 
noon and found our position to be Lat. 29.45 ; 
Long. 7 — Fine trades, and all sails drawing to 
the best advantage, made 174 miles. 

April 19. Lat. 28.01 ; Long. 5.5 — Smooth 
sea. At 9 a.m. a ship hove in sight to wind- 
ward, steering N.N.W. This day the afternoon 
watches commence on deck. Made 157 miles. 

April 20. Lat. 27.01 — Long. 3.33 — Made 


only 68 miles. Gentle breeze and fine weather. 
Studding sails set on both sides. 60 days out. 

April 24. Lat. 23.04 — Long. 2.16. Made 
only 32 miles. This day's run is, I think, the 
shortest since we left China. Light airs from 
the N.N.E. with clear fine weather. This fore- 
noon while looking over the bow saw several 
" Albacores " playing upon the top of the water. 
One of the men succeeded in catching one with 
a hook and line. He weighed about 60 lbs. The 
next day, he was fried, and made into a chow- 

April 25. Sunday. Lat. 22.53 — Long. 1.42 
— Made only 30 miles. Thermometer 65 de- 
grees. After 6 days calm weather, during which 
time we have made only 360 miles, we are fa- 
vored with the regular S. East Trade winds, 
and soon after the commencement of this sea 
day, sailed at the rate of 6 knots, which we 
averaged the day through. We are now about 
600 miles from St. Helena and expect by Thurs- 
day a.m. to be up with it. 

April 26. In the morning we had gentle 
breezes from the S.E. and at 2 p.m. the wind 
hauled to E.S.E. and freshened again to 6 


knots. Lat. 21.39; Long. 00.01 East. Made 
120 miles. Thermometer 68 degrees. 

April 27. Lat. 19.50— Long. 02.04 W. 
Made 168 miles. We have a fresh breeze from 
the S. East all day, which is very encouraging. 
At 10 a.m. saw a bark on our lee bow, and at 
^ past twelve made her out to be an American 
Whaler. Soon after she passed across our bows 
about 5 ships lengths ahead and as we came 
up abeam she was about two ships lengths off. 
Capt. Stoddard hailed her with, " Where you 
from? " " Where you bound? " " What 's your 
longitude? " " How much Oil have you? " Her 
Captain answered, " From New York " — 
"Cruising for Sperm Whales." "1.30" — 
" 230 bbls." We could distinctly read her name. 
" Nimrod — Sag Harbor " as we passed. By 
the time we had asked those questions and re- 
ceived the answers, she was out of speaking 
distance, and steering East, and we kept on 
our N.W. course. 

April 28. Lat. 17.12 — Long. 4.20 — Made 
190 miles. Clear pleasant weather, and all sails 
set to the best advantage. 

April 29. I arose at 5 o'clk., and as soon as 


it was daylight, with the hope of finding the 
ship close to St. Helena, but was disappointed. 
A heavy dark cloud obstructed my view beyond 
8 or 10 miles, but an hour after, it passed to 
the westward and I could plainly distinguish 
the faint outline of a dark mass directly ahead, 
and apparently 20 or 30 miles off. It is very 
difficult for one unaccustomed to detecting ob- 
jects at sea, to distinguish land from the dark 
clouds arising above the edge of the horizon, 
or to make up one's mind with any degree of 
certainty as to the nature of any dark object 
which is just discernible to the naked eye, or 
even with a good Spy-Glass ; but knowing we 
were heading directly for the Island and from 
the observation of yesterday, and the distance 
we had run by dead reckoning, the ship was 
about 40 miles from the Island, I concluded 
that the dark object ahead could be nothing 
but St. Helena. At 8 o'clk the Island could be 
plainly distinguished, and was apparently about 
20 miles off. We were then going about five 
knots, and Capt. Stoddard remarked that if 
we should have a strong breeze so as to come 
up with St. Helena by 12 o'clk, he would drop 


anchor for a couple of hours. Almost as if by 
magic a 10 knot breeze sprang up from the 
South East, and lessened the distance so as to 
make the Trees at Longwood distinctly visible. 
It presented a mass of rocks without the least 
sign of vegetation, with the exception of the 
few trees seen at Longwood, the residence and 
tomb of the late Emperor Napoleon. As we 
passed the east end of the Island about two 
miles off, I could with the aid of a glass, dis- 
tinguish from among the trees the Emperor's 
house, which is the only one on this end of the 
Island, and am told that it is used for a farm 
house, and the room which he used for his par- 
lor and in which he died is now turned into a 
carriage house. This building is now resorted 
to by all persons who visit the Island, from 
curiosity to see and touch the place where the 
greatest soldier of the age resided the last six 
years of his natural life, or anything which was 
formerly in his possession. His tomb is about 
two miles from the house, and is a spot much 
resorted to by strangers, as the place where all 
that remained of the great man who was the 
terror of the European powers, and which took 


three of the greatest powers of the Earth to 
crush, reposed for the period of nineteen years, 
until the change of rulers in France, prompted 
them to ask of England the liberty of trans- 
ferring the remains to his native soil on the 
banks of the Seine, " in the heart of his dear 
France, and in the midst of the people whom 
he so dearly loved." Several of the willows 
were transferred to France with the body, and 
I had previously made up my mind, if possi- 
ble, to visit the spot and gather a shoot of the 
willow as a memento of my visit. As our stay 
was very short I was deprived of this pleasure, 
but fortunately the American Consul's lady, 
whom I called upon, kindly gave me a twig 
which she had gathered a few days previous on 
one of her visits to the Tomb, and had preserved 
in a large bottle. 

On rounding the North East point of the 
Island, the anchorage, which is the only one 
around the Island, came in view, and twenty 
minutes after let go our anchor. We were im- 
mediately boarded by the Port Physician, Har- 
bor Master, News Collector, and the American 
Consul, Mr. John Carroll. From the latter I 


learned that the American ship " Adelaide," 
Capt. Cobb, who had left Shanghae 14 days 
before us, bound for New York, had not ar- 
rived, neither the American Bk. " Oriental," 
Capt. Dale bound for Boston, who left a week 
before us. We procured files of English pa- 
pers to the 20th January, and American to the 
1st. Nov., and from them we learned of the 
new troubles in France, and the great fire in 
Washington, etc. 

There were only six vessels in port — One 
English Man of War, Two Eng. Merchantmen, 
one American Whaler, (Bark "Mary Gard- 
ner " Capt. D. Smith, Sag Harbor) and two 
French Merchantmen. 

The appearance of this immense mass of 
rock, looking up from the ship, was truly 
grand ; and with the several Forts both upon 
the top and sides of the rocks, defended by 
cannon and about 450 men, presented truly a 
warlike appearance. 

Soon after the anchor was dropped, Mr. Car- 
roll invited the Captain and myself to go on 
shore. We landed at the foot of Jamestown, or 
as it is sometimes called, Napoleon's Valley, at 


the same stairs where Napoleon landed after 
being made a prisoner by the English in the 
year 1815. 

This town is situated at the entrance of the 
valley, and is almost obscured by the over- 
hanging rocks enclosing it. A row of trees be- 
hind the ramparts, and another behind the 
Governor's house, give it a pleasant appear- 
ance. The houses are neatly built on each side 
of the principal street, which lies in a direct 
line up the valley. I am told there is a run of 
water proceeding from a small spring, and 
from a waterfall which falls over a precipice 
about 200 feet perpendicular into an ancient 
volcanic Crater, but I did not have time to 
visit it. About two miles from Longwood, (Na- 
poleon's residence) is a fine spring of water, 
from which all the water for his use was 
brought. Napoleon was very fond of visiting 
this spot, and in his will expressed the wish to 
be buried there, which was complied with. On 
the right side of the valley, a zig zag road is 
cut for ascending Ladder Hill, which is about 
800 feet high, and also a flight of steps lead- 
ing directly to the summit. On the top of this 


hill is mounted a heavy battery of guns, which 
commands the valley and anchorage. At the 
other side of this valley is Sugar Loaf Hill, 
with a signal post at the top, and at its base 
are three other batteries at a little distance 
from each other, called Butter Milk, and Banks 
Upper and Lower Batteries. A little to the 
South West of these, Rupert battery appears 
at the bottom of the Valley of this name, 
formed by a strong stone wall mounted with 
heavy cannon. Close to the landing is a Fort, 
called Munden Fort, on a point of rocks, 
manned by a number of guns, which also com- 
mands James Valley. Around this point and 
close to the sea, is a long line of Batteries 
commanding the landing and the shipping at 
anchor. On the summit of the hills are signal 
posts all over the Island, which communicate 
by telegraph with each other and with the 
castle. When Bonaparte was a prisoner here, 
a gun was fired whenever a ship was seen ap- 
proaching, and this was repeated by other 
posts to the Castle. This was called an alarm. 
If more ships appeared a gun was fired for 
each, till five in number, when a signal was 


made for a fleet, but if more than two sail ap- 
peared to be steering for the Island, a general 
alarm was beaten, and every person immedi- 
ately took the station assigned him, and re- 
mained under arms till the Governor was in- 
formed what ships they were. There were 
always four men of war cruising off the Island, 
so that an attempt to rescue Napoleon would 
have been perfectly insane. There is a story 
current of a Yankee Smuggler, who offered to 
get Napoleon off the Island by means of a 
submarine conveyance, provided he would find 
means to lower himself down to the edge of 
the water, but as every path was guarded by a 
sentinel and he having grown very corpulent, 
the project was given up. 

Arriving at Mr. Carroll's house, we were 
introduced to his family, consisting of his lady, 
his son John and lady, and two younger sons ; 
together with Mrs. Babcock wife of the Cap- 
tain of one of the whalers cruising off the Island. 
Our visit, though short, was very pleasant, and 
was quite a relief after being cooped up on 
board ship for 70 days. 

This Island is about 9 miles long and 3 miles 


wide. The highest point of land is in the centre 
of the Island, about 2200 feet high and is 
called Diana's Peak. Near this is a conical 
shaped hill a little over 2000 ft. high. The 
difference of Temperature on these hills and 
the valleys is said to be about 10 degrees, and 
on the former the air is always cool and pleas- 
ant, blowing from the South East all the year 
round. The whole island is said to have been 
formed by a volcanic eruption, and to look 
down from some of the hills, it has the appear- 
ance of being thrown up by a convulsion of 
nature, and the burnt appearance of the rocks 
seems to prove this origin. 

I am told that heavy dark clouds frequently 
burst over the valley and deluge it completely. 
Several years back, a heavy cloud broke over 
Rupert Mountain, deluged it with a torrent of 
water, and carried a great part of the breast 
work and some of the guns into the sea. 

Mr. Carroll estimated the number of inhab- 
itants to be about 7000, — 5000 of whom are 
natives of the Island and descendants of slaves 
from the coasts of Africa. Nearly the whole of 
this class are held as slaves, and subsist almost 


entirely upon Rice. A few days before we ar- 
rived, the lady of the Captain of a Spanish 
vessel wished to purchase a girl for a servant, 
and as soon as it became known, several were 
advertised for sale at reasonable prices; and 
this in one of her English Majesty's Colonies ; 
who makes such a great cry at home about the 
wickedness of Slavery in our Country. 

As the Consul was very anxious to have his 
family see the cabin of our ship, which is fitted 
up in very neat style, Capt. Stoddard invited 
them off on board, and sent word to the steward 
to provide a dinner for twelve. Soon after, we 
went on board in company with Capt. Smith 
of the Whaler and Mr. Carroll's father in law, 
an old Captain of the English Infantry who was 
a lieuftenant when Napoleon landed. They were 
all very much pleased with the ship, and more 
particularly with the dinner which was served 
up in the steward's best style. The preserved 
Corn which was brought from the States and 
put up in tins, took the eye of Mrs. Babcock 
and Capt. Smith, both of whom were natives 
of Sag Harbor. As they sat down to dinner 
they both exclaimed " Well! if here aint some 


' Sackertash ' ! Who 'd a thought of seeing 
1 Sackertash ' in St. Helena ? " By the time we 
had finished our dinner, the water and other 
stores were on board ; the mate gave the word 
to heave the anchor short, and preparations 
were made for the party to return on shore. 
As soon as they took leave and descended into 
their boat, our anchor was weighed, sails hoisted, 
and we bid adieu to St. Helena, in company 
with the English Man of War for the African 
Coast, two French ships for France, and our 
own good ship for " the land of the free and 
the home of the brave." 

The two French ships steered the same track 
with ourselves, and we soon passed ahead of 
them ; by 7 o'clock p.m. they were both hull 
down astern. 

April 30. Lat. 15.10 ; Long. 7.05 — Made 
90 miles. At breakfast this morning the steward 
broiled a few of the mackerel which had been 
procured at St. Helena with other stores. Mr. 
Hanson (the mate) and myself ate heartily of 
them, and soon after we were attacked with 
vertigo and a violent rush of blood to the head, 
which Capt. Stoddard said was caused by the 


mackerel poisoned by the influence of the moon. 
A light dose of medicine and a good nights 
rest removed all the effects of our impru- 

May 1. Lat. 14.15; Long 9.32— Made 
150 miles. Fine pleasant weather, wind di- 
rectly aft, and studding sails out on both sides. 
Steering north west 1 north — variation of 1£ 

May 2. Sunday. Lat. 13.11 ; Long. 12.02 
— Made 162 miles. Weather and wind about 
the same as yesterday and we are steering the 
same course, which we do not vary from, till 
we arrive in the Latitude of N.Yk., unless the 
wind heads off. 

May 3. Lat. 12.08; Long. 14.05— Made 
130 miles. Today a very laughable occurrence 
took place, though the death of a poor monkey 
was the result of it, through the ignorance of 
Joe the Cow boy. He had a very vicious mon- 
key, and in order to instill into his noddle a 
comprehension of the sin of not strictly follow- 
ing one of the commandments — " Thou shalt 
not steal " — would fasten him to a line and 
tow him in the water over the bows, until, as 


the Cook says, "he almost distinguished the 
vital spark." Today Joe was unusually severe, 
and towed him till life was nearly extinct. 
Seeing he was unable to move, Joe's conscience 
smote him. The Steward advised him, as the 
fire in the galley had gone out, to build a new 
one and endeavor to resuscitate him. He went 
to work, built a strong fire, and hoping to warm 
him through speedily, put him on the top of the 
stove and covered him over with a piece of can- 
vas, and as he thought he had finished his part 
of the charitable performance, left nature to do 
the rest. She did do it, and as Mrs. Atherton 
used to say, "faith, she did it brown." Joe, 
thinking it possible poor Jacko would be dried 
through or might want to be turned over, took 
off the cloth. Whew ! what a smell of burnt 
rags. He was dry with a vengeance. One side 
was burnt to a crisp and the other as brown as 
a nut; while his tail, which was originally a long 
one, and straight, was kinked up and almost 
twisted into knots by the heat. 

May Jf. Lat. 10.32 — Long. 16.42 — Made 
180 miles. This day I was in hopes we should 
make over 200 miles. The ship had averaged 


over 9 knots up to daylight this morning, when 
it slacked off to 5 knots. 

May 5. Lat. 8.53 — Long. 19.42 — 207 
miles. First part of the Trades — Studding 
sails set on both sides. Rain showers in the 
night — Wind S.E. course N.W. | North. 

May 6. Lat. 07.08 South — Long. 22.45 
West. Made 215 miles. Strong trades ; pleas- 
ant weather with an occasional shower. Course 
N.W. 1 North. Wind South East. 

May 10. Lat. 2.06 —Long. 29.44 — Made 
37 miles. Weather today the same as usual in 
these latitudes, pleasant in the morning and 
raining in the afternoon. This p.m. a bark hove 
in sight, steering N. by West. Talking with 
Capt. Stoddard today of Ships and the Cost 
of running them, he said the " Mandarin " cost 
about $70,000, and the cost of running her, ex- 
clusive of port charges, was $50. per day. 

May 12. Lat. 0.38 South — Long. 30.4 
West. Made 30 miles. Light baffling winds. 
In company with one ship and two brigs steer- 
ing Northward. P.M. wind south, course N. 
by W. 

May 13. Lat. 0.08 North — Long. 30.12 — 


distance 40 miles. Wind from all points of 
the Compass, and frequent squalls. A French 
Man of "War in sight steering N.W. probably- 
bound to some of the Islands in the West Indies. 
Crossed the Equator about 10 o'clk this morn- 
ing. Today the sun arose at 6 o'clk and set at 6. 

May U. Lat. 1.17 — Long. 31.17 — Made 
94 miles. Gentle breezes from the N. East in 
the morning, and squally with much rain in the 

May 15. Lat. 2.18 — Long. 31.37 — Made 
65 miles. Light airs from the South. At 2 p.m. 
strong breeze from the North East, with heavy 
rain showers. Course North by "West, wind 
South by S. West. 85 days out. 

May 16. Sunday. Lat. 3.25 —Long. 32.17 
— Made 80 miles. This day came in with light 
airs and passing clouds. At 3 p.m. the weather 
very hot, and a light swell from the N. East. 
At midnight moderate breezes from the East- 

May 17. Lat. 5.04 — Long. 35.35 — Dis- 
tance 220 miles. All Starboard studding; sails 
set. At noon strong Trades with squalls of 


May 18. Lat. 7.14. Long. 39.40 — Made 
280 miles. Trades very fresh from North East 
by North. At 2 p.m. split the main royal. 

May 19. Lat. 9.50 — Long. 43.24 — Made 
280 miles. Strong Trades from the N.E. mak- 
ing N.W. course. This Evening saw the north 
star just above the horizon. 

May 20. Lat. 12.17 — Long. 47.10 — 
Made 262 miles. Trades began to moderate so 
that the starboard studding sails could be set. 
Wind N.E. Course N.W. 

May 21. Lat. 14.44 — Long. 50.45 — Made 
258 miles. Wind N.E. Course N.W. Trades 
still moderating. 

May 22. Lat. 16.52 N. Long 53.56 W. 
distance 220 miles. Today we are directly 
under the sun, and at 12 Meridian, can stand 
in its rays without its casting a shadow. The 
sun revolves from East to West between the 
parallels of Latitude of 23^ degrees North and 
South. From the 17th. to the 23rd. June, the 
sun has reached its northern limit, 23 1 de- 
grees, and on the 24th June begins to return 
south ; during that period the days at Boston 
are 15 hours and 17 minutes long. On the 20th 

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December the sun reached its southern limit, 
23 1 degrees and remains till the 23rd when 
it progresses North. The length of the days 
then, at Boston, is 9 hours and 4 minutes. 

The last three or four days I have noticed 
immense fields of floating yellow weed. When 
the weather was calm and the water smooth, 
it was seen in great quantities, and when a 
breeze sprang up, would detach and float by in 
clusters. Capt. Stoddard says it is found in the 
water far from any land or rocks, and is seen 
only between the Longitudes 50 degrees and 
70 degrees West and Latitudes 10 deg. and 
40 deg. North. It is also seen in the Pacific 
Ocean near the Bashee 1 Islands. 

May 23. Sunday. Lat. 19.24— Long. 56.37 
— distance 220 miles. Course N.W. by N. 
Wind N.E. by E. Fine trades — Pleasant 
weather, smooth sea. 

Today saw the first species of a whale. Two 
fin backs. I was sitting aft on the quarter deck 
when one arose close along side, with a noise 

1 The Bashee Islands are in Lat. 20° 4ff N.; Long. 122° 
£. ; about halfway between the Islands of Luzon and For- 


like the first snort of a Steam Engine. They 
spouted no water, but played around the ship 
about two hours. 

May 24. Lat. 22.03 Long. 59.02— dis- 
tance 208 miles. Course N.W. by N. Wind 
N.E. by E. Fine trades, clear pleasant weather. 
Crew painting ship inside. 

May 25. Lat. 23.35— Long. 60.56— dis- 
tance 150 miles. First part of the day fine 
breeze from the East, and pleasant weather. 
Painting ship outside. 

May 26. Lat. 24.33 — Long. 61.46 — dis- 
tance 76 miles. Light airs and clear pleasant 
weather. Larboard studding sails set. Course 
N.W. 1 North. Wind East. 

May 27. Lat. 25.30 — Long. 62.16 — dis- 
tance 94 miles — Light breezes from the South 
East. Clear pleasant weather and smooth sea. 

May 28. Lat. 26.51— Long. 64.19 — dis- 
tance 130 miles. Light breezes — smooth sea. 
Studding sails out on both sides. Occasional 
showers. Saw a Schooner bound south and 

May 29. Lat. 28.25 —Long. 65.36 — dis- 
tance 115 miles. Gentle breezes from South 


East — Clear fine weather, smooth sea — 
Course N.W. by N. 

May 30. Sunday. Lat. 29.20 — Long. 
66.40 — distance 75 miles. Light airs, fine 
weather, studding sails out both sides. At day- 
light saw a fore and aft schooner and a herm. 
brig. We are 100 days out from Shanghae. 
Think we shall arrive next Friday p.m. Wind 
South, Course N.W. 

May 31. Lat. 30.47 — Long. 68.07 — dis- 
tance 118 miles. This morning at daylight the 
wind came out from the South West and at 
noon had increased to 10 knots with the pros- 
pect of improving. This a.m. passed a herm. 
brig, bound probably for Cuba or some of the 
Leeward Islands. This day we are in latitude 
of New Orleans. 

June 1. Lat. 32.38 —Long. 69.54 — Course 
North West. At 3 a.m. squally with much 
rain. Took in the royals. At 6 a.m. calm with 
a strong swell from the North West. We made 
this day 144 miles. 

June 2. Lat. 34.47 — Long. 71.26 — fresh 
breezes from the South West. At 4 a.m. wind 
shifted to North East — our course N.W. by 


N. At 10 a.m. we are directly in the Longi- 
tude of Boston State House (which lays in 
Lat. 42.21.5 Long. 71.04.2). Therefore our 
Chronometer time and old Hollis St. Church 
should compare. At 2 P.M. crossed the Eastern 
edge of the Gulf Stream, which we noticed by 
the Tide rips. This stream, where we cross, 
sets to the Eastward 2^ or 3 knots per hour. 
Our course is not altered to allow for this cur- 
rent, as there is a counter current on the east 
and west edges, and gives a straight course. 
In immersing a Thermometer in the water, I 
noticed a difference in the temperature of 5 
degrees ; outside the edge of the stream 71 de- 
grees — Inside 76 degrees. Middle of the 
stream 80 degrees. The Southern vessels bound 
North in thick weather guide themselves solely 
by the temperature of the water. The distance 
run today was 160 miles. Distance from New 
York 370 miles. Are still sanguine of being 
in N. Yk. Friday p.m. 

June 3. Lat. 37.15— Long. 72.38 — dis- 
tance 174 miles. Course N.W. by W. Wind 
very fresh from the W. S.W. At daylight still 
in the Gulf Stream — temperature 80 degrees. 


Saw a Schooner on our larboard bow steering 
the same course as ourselves. At 9 a.m. tem- 
perature of the water 73 degrees, showing we 
are approaching the western edge. Passed 2 
ships, and one Bark on our lee, all probably 
Cotton vessels from N. Yk. bound to some of 
the Southern ports. At 1 p.m. 2 other ships 
bound the same as the others. At 2 p.m. 
Temperature water 62 degrees — color dark 
blue — In the Gulf Stream — black, p.m. all 
hands busy getting the Anchors over the 

At 8 p.m. wind came out from the north, just 
the course we wished to steer, i an hour after, 
a severe squall struck the ship, but the royals 
and top gallant sails were fortunately taken 
in in time. At 9 p.m. was boarded by a New 
York Pilot who reported us to be 160 miles 
south of Sandy Hook and 15 miles east of 
Cape May. Sounded at midnight and found 
37 fathoms water. Tacked ship and stood off 
to the N.E. The pilot brought on board a file 
of newspapers the latest of which was 31st 
May. Every article was read with the greatest 
interest, even the advertisements. The last we 


had seen were obtained at St. Helena, and 
dated Jan. 

June 4' At sunrise wind still ahead and 
blowing a gale. Took in all the light sails and 
reefed the topsails. At noon reckoned our- 
selves to be 90 miles South Sandy Hook and 
10 miles off Little Egg Harbor in New Jersey. 
Could plainly see the land — very low sand 
hills. Standing off and on all day without gain- 
ing a mile on our course — 6 or 8 small vessels 
in sight — part of them Pilot boats. At sun- 
down wind died away, and a prospect of the 
wind coming out from the westward. In that 
case shall probably be in New York by Satur- 
day P.M. 

June 5. At daylight wind came out from 
the North and directly ahead. The morning 
was spent in beating off and on the coast. At 
noon a calm. At 5 p.m. wind came out light 
from the Southward ; put her before the wind 
and set larboard studding sails. At 8 p.m. 5 
steamships passed us from New York — 2 for 
Chagres — 1 for Charleston — 1 for Savannah 
and 1 for Norfolk. 

June 6. Sunday. At daylight made Sandy 


Hook and at 8 a.m. a steamer took us in tow 
and carried us along side the wharf in New 
York City — after a very pleasant passage of 
105 days. 

From Shanghae to Anjer (Java) 17 days 

Anjer " Cape Good Hope 38 

Cape Good Hope to St. Helena 15 

St. Helena to the Equator 14 

Equator to New York 21 

Shanghae to New York 105 

Henry Blaney. 



"In 1847, A. A. Low & Bro. brought out 
the Samuel Russell, of 940 tons, built by 
Brown & Bell and commanded by Captain 
N. B. Palmer, formerly of the Houqua. Her 
first voyage from New York to Hong-Kong 
was made by the eastern passages in 114 
days. On a voyage from Canton in 1851 she 
sailed 6780 miles in 30 days, an average of 
226 miles per day, her greatest twenty-four 
hours' run being 328 miles. This ship was 
named for the eminent New York merchant, 
founder of the house of Russell & Company 
of China, with whom the brothers Low began 
their career as merchants and shipowners. She 
was a beautiful vessel, heavily sparred, with 
plenty of light canvas for moderate weather, 
and every inch a clipper." 

(The voyage from Canton in 1851, referred 
to above, was presumably the return voyage 
next after Mr. Blaney's outward passage.) 

130 NOTES 

" The only clipper ship to make the voyage 
to San Francisco prior to 1850 was the Mem- 
non, under Captain George Gordon, which 
arrived there July 28, 1849, after a record 
passage of one hundred and twenty days from 
New York. The first contest of clippers round 
Cape Horn took place in 1850, between the 
Houqua, Sea Witch, Samuel Russell, and Mem- 
non, old rivals on China voyages, and the new 
clippers Celestial, Mandarin, and Race Horse. 
All of these vessels had their friends, and 
large sums of money were wagered on the re- 
sult, the four older ships, especially the Sea 
Witch, having established high reputations for 
speed. The Samuel Russell was commanded by 
Captain Charles Low, previously of the Hou- 
qua, while the Houqua was now commanded 
by Captain McKenzie ; Captain Gordon was 
again in the Memnon; and Captain George 
Fraser, who had sailed with Captain Water- 
man as chief mate, commanded the Sea Witch. 

" The Samuel Russell arrived at San Fran- 
cisco May 6, 1850, after a passage of 109 
days from New York, thus knocking 11 days 
off the record, and her friends and backers 

NOTES 131 

felt confident that this passage could not be 
surpassed, at all events not by any of the 
clippers of that year. This opinion was in a 
measure confirmed when the Houqua arrived 
on July 23, 120 days from New York, but on 
the following day the Sea Witch came romp- 
ing up the bay, 97 days from Sandy Hook, 
reducing the record by another 12 days. This 
passage astonished every one, even her warm- 
est admirers, and well it might, for it has 
never been equalled by a ship of her tonnage 
and not often excelled even by larger vessels. 
This performance of the Sea Witch was the 
more remarkable, as she had rounded Cape 
Horn during the Antarctic midwinter. 

" The remainder of the fleet arrived in the 
following order : Memnon, September 27, 123 
days ; Celestial, November 1, 104 days ; Race 
Horse, from Boston, November 24, 109 days ; 
and the Mandarin, November 29, 126 days 
from New York. These were all fine passages, 
especially when we consider that none of the 
vessels was over 1100 tons register. The rec- 
ords show that from June 26 to July 28, 1850, 
seventeen vessels from New York and sixteen 

132 NOTES 

from Boston arrived at San Francisco, whose 
average passages were 159 days, so that even 
the Mandarin's passage of 126 days was very 
fast by comparison. We must remember also 
that none of these vessels had the advantage of 
using Maury's Wind and Current Charts, as 
at that time sufficient material had not been 
collected to perfect them." 

The Samuel Russell made the following re- 
cords : — 

Cape St. Roque to 50 degrees S., 16 days, — 
best time for period 1850 to 1860. 

New York to San Francisco, — 109 days in 
1850, arriving in May; — 106 days in 1854, 
arriving in January. 

" The Samuel Russell was wrecked in the 
Gaspar Straits in 1870, under command of 
Captain Frederick Lucas." 

Captain Limeburner was the first com- 
mander of Donald McKay's Great Republic, 
launched in 1853, " the largest extreme clipper 

NOTES 133 

ship ever built," " and by far the largest mer- 
chant ship constructed up to that time." He was 
in command for several years, during which 
period she made the voyage from New York to 
San Francisco in ninety-two days, within three 
days of the best record. 

" The first California clippers, thirteen in 
number, were launched during the year 1850, 
the Celestial, 860 tons, built by William H. 
Webb and owned by Bucklin & Crane, of New 
York, being the first to leave the ways. She 
was soon followed by the Mandarin, 776 tons, 
built by Smith & Dimon for Goodhue & Co., 
of New York, and the Surprise, 1361 tons, 
owned by A. A. Low & Brother ; Gamecock, 
1392 tons, owned by Daniel C. Bacon, Boston, 
and the barque Race Horse, 512 tons, owned 
by Goddard & Co., Boston, all built by Samuel 
Hall at East Boston." 

" The Mandarin, ... a fine-looking ship, 
was intended by her builders to be an improved 
Sea Witch, and although she made some ex- 
cellent passages, she never came up to the 

134 NOTES 

older vessel in point of speed ; the Sea Witch 
was her builders' masterpiece, and they, like 
many others, found her a difficult ship to im- 
prove upon." 

The Mandarin made the following records : — 

Cape St. Koque to 50 degrees S., 20 days. 

Canton to New York, 89 days. 

New York to Melbourne, 71 days. 

In 1853, after the homeward voyage in the 
Mandarin, Captain Stoddard commanded the 
Kathay, of 1460 tons, built by Jacob A. Wes- 
tervelt; this command continued for several